In this paper, we present a stable and accurate high-order methodology for the symmetric matrix form (SMF) of the elastic wave equation. We use an accurate high-order upwind finite difference method to define spatial discretization. Then, an efficient complex frequency-shifted (CFS) unsplit multi-axis perfectly matched layer (MPML) is implemented using the auxiliary differential equation (ADE) that is used to build higher-order time schemes for elastodynamics in the unbounded curve domain. It is derived to be compatible with SMF. The SMF framework has a general form of a hyperbolic partial differential equation (PDE) that can be expanded to different dimensions (2D, 3D) or different wave modal (SH, P-SV) without requiring significant modifications owing to a simplified process of derivation and programming. Subsequently, an energy analysis on the framework combined with initial boundary value problems is conducted, and the stability analysis can be extended to a semi-discrete approximation similarly. Thus, we propose a semi-discrete approximation based on ADE CFS-MPML in which the curve domain is discretized using the upwind summation-by-parts (SBP) operators, and where the boundary conditions are enforced weakly using the simultaneous approximation terms (SAT). The proposed method’s robustness and adequacy are illustrated by conducting several numerical simulations.
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