- freely available
Symmetry 2020, 12(1), 142; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12010142
- To extend the problem of Aurangzaib et al.  by considering the effect of magnetic, viscous, and Joule heating functions.
- To find the maximum number of the multiple solutions.
- To perform stability analysis of multiple solutions in order to determine a stable solution.
2. Mathematical Formulation
3. Stability Analysis
4. Results and Discussion
- Two solutions exist for the case of Newtonian fluid.
- Three solutions exist for the case of no-Newtonian fluid in the specific values of the suction parameter.
- Ranges of single and multiple solutions are dependent on the suction parameter.
- Results of the stability analysis of solutions indicate that only the first solution is stable.
- The thickness of the momentum boundary layer enhances in all solutions when the slip parameter is increased.
- The thickness of the thermal boundary layer is directly proportional to the values of the Eckert number. As the Eckert number increases, the temperature of fluid also rises due to the high impact of the kinetic energy.
- The occurrence of a higher velocity of the fluid is possible for unstable solutions when the magnetic parameter increases.
- The thermal field has been noted as lower corresponding to a larger Prandtl number in all solutions.
- The angular velocity of the micropolar fluid increased in the first and third solutions for the higher values of material and slip parameters.
Conflicts of Interest
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|1st Solution||2nd Solution||3rd Solution|
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