Next Article in Journal
Numerical Investigation of a Foundation Pit Supported by a Composite Soil Nailing Structure
Next Article in Special Issue
Multi-Scale Insights on the Threshold Pressure Gradient in Low-Permeability Porous Media
Previous Article in Journal
Exponential Cosmological Solutions with Three Different Hubble-Like Parameters in (1 + 3 + k1 + k2)-Dimensional EGB Model with a Λ-Term
Previous Article in Special Issue
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Flow of Micropolar Fluid with Effects of Viscous Dissipation and Joule Heating Over an Exponential Shrinking Sheet: Triple Solutions and Stability Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Hydromagnetic Flow of Micropolar Nanofluid

School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Kedah, Malaysia
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, University of Sargodha, Punjab 40100, Pakistan
Higher Education Department (HED) Punjab 40100, Pakistan
Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 72915, Vietnam
Department of Mathematics, Cankaya University, Ankara 06790, Turkey
Institute of Space Sciences, 077125 Magurele, Romania
Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung 40447, Taiwan
Department of Mathematics, College of Arts and Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Aldawaser 11991, Saudi Arabia
Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM), King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Al-Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
Electrochemistry and Corrosion Laboratory, Department of Physical Chemistry, National Research Centre, El-Behoth St. 33, Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(2), 251;
Received: 29 December 2019 / Revised: 21 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 6 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry in Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids)
Similar to other fluids (Newtonian and non-Newtonian), micropolar fluid also exhibits symmetric flow and exact symmetric solution similar to the Navier–Stokes equation; however, it is not always realizable. In this article, the Buongiorno mathematical model of hydromagnetic micropolar nanofluid is considered. A joint phenomenon of heat and mass transfer is studied in this work. This model indeed incorporates two important effects, namely, the Brownian motion and the thermophoretic. In addition, the effects of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and chemical reaction are considered. The fluid is taken over a slanted, stretching surface making an inclination with the vertical one. Suitable similarity transformations are applied to develop a nonlinear transformed model in terms of ODEs (ordinary differential equations). For the numerical simulations, an efficient, stable, and reliable scheme of Keller-box is applied to the transformed model. More exactly, the governing system of equations is written in the first order system and then arranged in the forms of a matrix system using the block-tridiagonal factorization. These numerical simulations are then arranged in graphs for various parameters of interest. The physical quantities including skin friction, Nusselt number, and Sherwood number along with different effects involved in the governing equations are also justified through graphs. The consequences reveal that concentration profile increases by increasing chemical reaction parameters. In addition, the Nusselt number and Sherwood number decreases by decreasing the inclination. View Full-Text
Keywords: Buongiorno mathematical model; MHD; chemical reaction; micropolar nanofluid; permeable inclined stretching sheet; Keller-Box method Buongiorno mathematical model; MHD; chemical reaction; micropolar nanofluid; permeable inclined stretching sheet; Keller-Box method
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rafique, K.; Anwar, M.I.; Misiran, M.; Khan, I.; Baleanu, D.; Nisar, K.S.; Sherif, E.-S.M.; Seikh, A.H. Hydromagnetic Flow of Micropolar Nanofluid. Symmetry 2020, 12, 251.

AMA Style

Rafique K, Anwar MI, Misiran M, Khan I, Baleanu D, Nisar KS, Sherif E-SM, Seikh AH. Hydromagnetic Flow of Micropolar Nanofluid. Symmetry. 2020; 12(2):251.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rafique, Khuram; Anwar, Muhammad Imran; Misiran, Masnita; Khan, Ilyas; Baleanu, Dumitru; Nisar, Kottakkaran Sooppy; Sherif, El-Sayed M.; Seikh, Asiful H. 2020. "Hydromagnetic Flow of Micropolar Nanofluid" Symmetry 12, no. 2: 251.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop