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Open AccessArticle

Automatic Defect Inspection for Coated Eyeglass Based on Symmetrized Energy Analysis of Color Channels

1
Institute of Photonics Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
2
Departmentof Electronic Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 84001, Taiwan
3
Departmentof Computer Science, Purdue University Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne, IN 46805, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(12), 1518; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11121518
Received: 26 October 2019 / Revised: 6 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 December 2019 / Published: 15 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information Technologies and Electronics)
Nowadays, eyeglassesare used for vision correction as well as in the fashion industry. Eyeglasses have become more expensive and the eyewear industry has grown rapidly, thereby requiring the development of advanced coating technologies. However, defect detection by visual inspection in the manufacturing process of eyeglass coatings is difficult. To solve this problem, we propose the coated eyeglass defect detection system framework based on machine vision for real-time inspection. First, we locate and extract regions of interest (ROI) ofthe coated eyeglass by adopting cross-projection based on symmetrizedenergy analysis. Next, we propose an efficient method based on the symmetrized energy analysis of color channelsto enhance defectsin each color channel of the ROI of the coated eyeglass. Then, we adoptsymmetrized cross-projection energy analysis for locating defective areas inside the ROI of the coated eyeglass. Finally, we compare the defect detection resultsfor the coated eyeglass with the standard manufacturingquality. An experiment is conducted using real data collected froma Taiwanese eyeglass factory to validate the performance of the proposed framework. This framework achieves a 100% defect detection rate, demonstrating that it is valid and useful for inspecting coated eyeglasses in industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: coated eyeglass; automatic optical inspection; color space; symmetrizedenergy analysis; cross-projection coated eyeglass; automatic optical inspection; color space; symmetrizedenergy analysis; cross-projection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Le, N.T.; Wang, J.-W.; Wang, C.-C.; Nguyen, T.N. Automatic Defect Inspection for Coated Eyeglass Based on Symmetrized Energy Analysis of Color Channels. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1518.

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