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Open AccessArticle

Evaluating and Prioritizing the Green Supply Chain Management Practices in Pakistan: Based on Delphi and Fuzzy AHP Approach

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Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing 211167, China
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College of Finance, Jiangsu Vocational Institute of Commerce, Nanjing 211168, China
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College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
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Department of Computer Science, Bahria University, Karachi Campus 75260, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(11), 1346; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11111346
Received: 12 October 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 25 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
Nowadays, green supply chain management (SCM) practices are increasing among firms to adopt green practices and reduce the negative effects of supply chain operations on the environment. Firms such as manufacturing, mining, and agriculture have to improve their capacity in green SCM practices because environmental regulations force them to consider these issues. However, green practices are new and require comprehensive study to determine this problem. This study has taken the case of three garment manufacturing firms for the evaluation of green SCM practices in the context of Pakistan. The green SCM requires multi-dimensional techniques; therefore, fuzzy-based multi-criteria decision analysis approaches must be adopted while assessing green SCM practices of firms. This is because fuzzy-based methods obtain a significant solution for complex, vague, and uncertain multi-attribute problems in fuzzy environment. Therefore, in this study, a hybrid decision model comprised of Delphi, and Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) methodologies is proposed for assessing the green SCM practices of firms in terms of green design, green purchasing, green production, green warehousing, green logistics, and reverse logistics. The Fuzzy AHP method results reveal that “green purchasing,” “green design,” and “green production” are ranked the most important green indicators. Further, results reveal the ranking of manufacturing firms (alternatives) in the context of green SCM practices. This study shall help industries to focus on green SCM practices and adopt the green manufacturing process. View Full-Text
Keywords: green supply chain management practices; green indicators; manufacturing firms; Delphi; Fuzzy AHP; Pakistan green supply chain management practices; green indicators; manufacturing firms; Delphi; Fuzzy AHP; Pakistan
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Zhou, Y.; Xu, L.; Muhammad Shaikh, G. Evaluating and Prioritizing the Green Supply Chain Management Practices in Pakistan: Based on Delphi and Fuzzy AHP Approach. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1346.

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