Next Article in Journal
Cloud-Based Multi-Robot Path Planning in Complex and Crowded Environment with Multi-Criteria Decision Making Using Full Consistency Method
Previous Article in Journal
Study of a Null-Flux Coil Electrodynamic Suspension Structure for Evacuated Tube Transportation
Open AccessArticle

Heat Transfer Analysis of a Magneto-Bio-Fluid Transport with Variable Thermal Viscosity through a Vertical Ciliated Channel

1
Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad (Abbottabad Campus), Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan
2
Center of Excellence in Theoretical and Computational Science (TaCS-CoE), SCL 802 Fixed Point Laboratory, Science Laboratory Building, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), 126 Pracha-Uthit Road, Bang Mod, Thrung Khru, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
3
Department of Mathematics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
4
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80203, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(10), 1240; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11101240
Received: 8 September 2019 / Revised: 27 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 4 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry in Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids)
We communicate the responses of various physiological fluids containing hemoglobin and other ionic constituents when they propagate in the presence of an electromagnetic body force field with the mechanisms of heat generation and conduction. A fully developed mixed convective flow of a Newtonian fluid takes place through a 2D vertical channel in the presence of an external magnetic field acting in the direction normal to the flow. The inner surface of the channel is carpeted with a thick mat of cilia, which propagates a sinusoidal metachronal wave travelling in the direction of flow. Coupled, nonlinear governing Naiver-Stokes and temperature equations are simplified by utilizing the creeping flow and long wavelength approximations. This enables us to formulate the exact analytical solution of the temperature distribution; whereas, the velocity distribution is evaluated from the momentum equations by using the Adomian decomposition method. In order to determine the pumping characteristics, the formulae of volume flow rate and the pressure rise are also obtained. Trapping due to the ciliary system is highlighted by graphing the stream function. The findings of the present model have significant outputs, which can be applicable in the physiological transport of human semen through the male reproduction system.
Keywords: cilia induced transport; Adomian decomposition method; viscous fluid; mixed convection cilia induced transport; Adomian decomposition method; viscous fluid; mixed convection
MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmad Farooq, A.; Shah, Z.; O. Alzahrani, E. Heat Transfer Analysis of a Magneto-Bio-Fluid Transport with Variable Thermal Viscosity through a Vertical Ciliated Channel. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1240.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop