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Research on the Distribution and Scale Evolution of Suzhou Gardens under the Urbanization Process from the Tang to the Qing Dynasty

1
Department of Landscape Architecture, School of Architecture, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
2
Department of Landscape Architecture, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215011, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luís Carlos Loures
Land 2021, 10(3), 281; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030281
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 28 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Landscape Architecture)
Suzhou city was the cultural centre of ancient south China. It continues the urban pattern of more than 800 years ago. Suzhou gardens are the essence of Chinese gardening art, as well as the valuable world cultural heritage site. This paper compared the evolution in the distribution and scale of Suzhou gardens among five historical periods, and discussed the influence of urbanization on gardening. It revealed that: (1) The distribution of Suzhou gardens was affected by the layout and changes of the political centre and commercial centre of Suzhou city; (2) The scale of Suzhou gardens was mainly affected by the available land scale within the city and the wealth of its owner; (3) The cityscape of ‘half city occupied by gardens’ was largely resulted from the rapidly increasing number of small courtyard gardens in the Qing Dynasty; (4) The evolution of Suzhou gardens’ distribution and scale affected interior layouts. The evolution and social development of ancient cities can affect the distribution and scale of gardens. At the same time, the popularization of gardening art also optimizes the cityscape. View Full-Text
Keywords: Suzhou city; classical gardens; garden distribution; garden scale Suzhou city; classical gardens; garden distribution; garden scale
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, T.; Lian, Z. Research on the Distribution and Scale Evolution of Suzhou Gardens under the Urbanization Process from the Tang to the Qing Dynasty. Land 2021, 10, 281. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030281

AMA Style

Zhang T, Lian Z. Research on the Distribution and Scale Evolution of Suzhou Gardens under the Urbanization Process from the Tang to the Qing Dynasty. Land. 2021; 10(3):281. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030281

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Tiantian; Lian, Zefeng. 2021. "Research on the Distribution and Scale Evolution of Suzhou Gardens under the Urbanization Process from the Tang to the Qing Dynasty" Land 10, no. 3: 281. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030281

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