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Water 2017, 9(11), 843; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9110843

Convertible Operation Techniques for Pump Stations Sharing Centralized Reservoirs for Improving Resilience in Urban Drainage Systems

1
Research Center for Disaster Prevention Science and Technology, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 16 October 2017 / Accepted: 30 October 2017 / Published: 31 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Water Cycle Modelling and Management)
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Abstract

Pump stations prevent backwater effects from urban streams and safely drain rainwater in urban areas. Urbanization has increased the required capacity of centralized reservoirs and drainage pumps; yet, their respective designs are based on the runoff of the target watershed at the time of design. In Korea, additional pump stations are constructed to supplement the insufficient capacity of centralized reservoirs and drainage pumps. Two pump stations in the same drainage area share centralized reservoirs, and there are gates between them. Operation of the gates and drainage pumps is based on the water level in the connected centralized reservoirs. The convertible operation is based on changes in flow between two pump stations with different effluent streams in shared centralized reservoirs. Efficient distribution of inflow to both pump stations provides additional storage capacity in centralized reservoirs and rapid drainage. For a rainfall event in 2010, flooding volumes for current and convertible operations were 58,750 and 7507 m3, respectively. For an event in 2011, the corresponding figures were 3697 and 471 m3. This shows that resilience increased by 0.10829 and 0.00756, respectively, for the two events. Accordingly, a new technique to operate multiple pump stations for reducing urban inundation is proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: convertible operation; centralized reservoirs; pump operation; gate operation convertible operation; centralized reservoirs; pump operation; gate operation
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Lee, E.H.; Kim, J.H. Convertible Operation Techniques for Pump Stations Sharing Centralized Reservoirs for Improving Resilience in Urban Drainage Systems. Water 2017, 9, 843.

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