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Water 2017, 9(11), 840; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9110840

Study on Storm-Water Management of Grassed Swales and Permeable Pavement Based on SWMM

Department of Civil Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
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Received: 28 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 26 October 2017 / Published: 31 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sponge Cities: Emerging Approaches, Challenges and Opportunities)
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Abstract

Grassed swales and permeable pavement that have greater permeable underlying surface relative to hard-pressing surface can cooperate with the city pipe network on participating in urban storm flood regulation. This paper took Nanshan village in Jiangsu Province as an example, the storm-water management model (SWMM) was used to conceptualize the study area reasonably, and the low-impact development (LID) model and the traditional development model were established in the region. Based on the storm-intensity equation, the simulation scene employed the Chicago hydrograph model to synthesize different rainfall scenes with different rainfall repetition periods, and then contrasted the storm-flood-management effect of the two models under the condition of using LID facilities. The results showed that when the rainfall repetition period ranged from 0.33a to 10a (a refers to the rainfall repetition period), the reduction rate of total runoff in the research area that adopted LID ranged from 100% to 27.5%, while the reduction rate of peak flow ranged from 100% to 15.9%, and when the values of unit area were the same, the combined system (permeable pavement + grassed swales) worked more efficiently than the sum of the individuals in the reduction of total runoff and peak flow throughout. This research can provide technical support and theoretical basis for urban LID design. View Full-Text
Keywords: grassed swale; permeable pavement; SWMM; storm management grassed swale; permeable pavement; SWMM; storm management
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Xie, J.; Wu, C.; Li, H.; Chen, G. Study on Storm-Water Management of Grassed Swales and Permeable Pavement Based on SWMM. Water 2017, 9, 840.

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