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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation and Correction of IMERG Late Run Precipitation Product in Rainstorm over the Southern Basin of China

1
College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
2
Laboratory Cultivation Base of Environment Process and Digital Simulation, Beijing 100048, China
3
Beijing Research Center of Urban Systems Engineering, Beijing 100035, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(2), 231; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020231
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 16 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 19 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Satellite precipitation products play an essential role in providing effective global or regional precipitation. However, there are still many uncertainties in the performance of satellite precipitation products, especially in extreme precipitation analysis. In this study, a Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Integrated Multi-satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) late run (LR) product was used to evaluate the rainstorms in the southern basin of China from 2015 to 2018. Three correction methods, multiple linear regression (MLR), artificial neural network (ANN), and geographically weighted regression (GWR), were used to get correction products to improve the precipitation performance. This study found that IMERG LR’s ability to characterize rainstorm events was limited, and there was a significant underestimation. The observation error and detection ability of IMERG LR decrease gradually from the southeast coast to the northwest inland. The error test shows that in the eastern coastal area (zone I and II), the central area (zone III), and the western inland area (zone IV and V), the optimal correction method is MLR, ANN, and GWR, respectively. The performance of three correction products is slightly better compared with the original product IMERG LR. From zone I to V, correlation coefficient (CC) and root mean square error (RMSE) show a decreasing trend. Zone II has the highest relative bias (RB), and the deviation is relatively large. The categorical indices of inland area performed better than coastal area. The correction product’s precipitation is slightly lower than the observed value from April to November with a mean error of 8.03%. The correction product’s precipitation was slightly higher than the observed values in other months, with an average error of 12.27%. The greater the observed precipitation, the higher the uncertainty of corrected precipitation result. The coefficient of variation showed that zone II had the highest uncertainty, and zone V had the lowest uncertainty. MLR had a high uncertainty with an average of 9.72%. The mean coefficient of variation of ANN and GWR is 7.74% and 7.29%, respectively. This study aims to generate a set of precipitation products with good accuracy through the IMERG LR evaluation and correction to support regional extreme precipitation research. View Full-Text
Keywords: satellite precipitation product; southern basin of China; correction; IMERG; rainstorm; uncertainty satellite precipitation product; southern basin of China; correction; IMERG; rainstorm; uncertainty
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, C.; Zheng, J.; Hu, D.; Di, Y.; Zhang, X.; Liu, M. Evaluation and Correction of IMERG Late Run Precipitation Product in Rainstorm over the Southern Basin of China. Water 2021, 13, 231. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020231

AMA Style

Yu C, Zheng J, Hu D, Di Y, Zhang X, Liu M. Evaluation and Correction of IMERG Late Run Precipitation Product in Rainstorm over the Southern Basin of China. Water. 2021; 13(2):231. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020231

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Chen; Zheng, Jianchun; Hu, Deyong; Di, Yufei; Zhang, Xiuhua; Liu, Manqing. 2021. "Evaluation and Correction of IMERG Late Run Precipitation Product in Rainstorm over the Southern Basin of China" Water 13, no. 2: 231. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020231

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