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Open AccessArticle

Challenges for Water Security and Sustainable Socio-Economic Development: A Case Study of Industrial, Domestic Water Use and Pollution Management in Shandong, China

1
School of Water Conservancy and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China
2
School of Engineering Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1630; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081630
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 28 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 August 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Socioeconomic Indicators for Sustainable Water Management)
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Abstract

Comprehensive analysis of water use and pollution management plays an important role in regional water security and sustainable socio-economic development. This study applies the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC), Gini index and elasticity coefficient methods to conduct an investigation of industrial and domestic water use and pollution management in Shandong. The results show that industrial water pollution generally displayed a coordinated relationship with socio-economic development, while an uncoordinated relationship occurred between domestic water pollution and socio-economic development. Meanwhile, the Gini index between domestic water use and population in 2017 (0.101) was superior to that of 2003 (0.165), and the Gini index of industrial water use and second industry output in 2017 (0.273) was better than that of 2003 (0.292), indicating that the allocation and equity of domestic and industrial water use in Shandong kept to a good development trend. Additionally, the industrial effect is better than the domestic effect in terms of the control of wastewater emissions and the governance of typical pollutants in wastewater. Accordingly, domestic water pollution has gradually become one of the major sources of water pollution, and the allocation of industrial and domestic water use has room to improve further in Shandong. Conjunctive use of the aforementioned three methods provides an approach to investigate the integrated management of water use and water pollution control from multiple angles. View Full-Text
Keywords: water pollution; water use; socio-economic development; environmental Kuznets curve; Gini index; elasticity coefficient water pollution; water use; socio-economic development; environmental Kuznets curve; Gini index; elasticity coefficient
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Liu, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, F. Challenges for Water Security and Sustainable Socio-Economic Development: A Case Study of Industrial, Domestic Water Use and Pollution Management in Shandong, China. Water 2019, 11, 1630.

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