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Open AccessArticle

Water Environment Management and Performance Evaluation in Central China: A Research Based on Comprehensive Evaluation System

by Yuangang Li 1,†, Weixin Yang 2,*,†, Xiaojuan Shen 2,†, Guanghui Yuan 3,† and Jiawei Wang 2,†
1
Business School, Dalian University of Foreign Languages, Dalian 116044, China
2
Business School, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
3
School of Information Management and Engineering, Fintech Research Institute, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
All the authors contributed equally to this work.
Water 2019, 11(12), 2472; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122472
Received: 23 October 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 24 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Socioeconomic Indicators for Sustainable Water Management)
As a developing country with insufficient water resources, China's water environment management and performance evaluation have important research value. The three provinces (Henan, Hubei, and Hunan) in central China with typical significance in geographical location and water resources governance were selected as research objects in this paper. Based on the principal component analysis (PCA) method and the pressure-state-response (PSR) model, a comprehensive evaluation system for the water environment in those three provinces during 2011–2017 was established in this paper. The evaluation results show that: (1) The water environment management and performance evaluation of the three provinces in central China were generally poor in 2011–2012, but the overall trend was rising; (2) in 2013–2014, the situation was improved compared to the previous two years, but needed further enhancement; (3) in 2015–2017, the water environment management and performance of the three provinces showed significant improvement. Among them, the Hubei Province had the highest water environment evaluation value (1.692), and the Henan Province had the most significant progress (from 0.043 to 1.671). The contributions of this paper are: (1) The comprehensive evaluation model based on PCA and the PSR model was constructed to analyze the sustainable development of water environment in central China; (2) the performance evaluation system for water environment management, which could comprehensively evaluate the performance of water environment treatment and effectively reveal the correlation between various indicators, was established. The principal factors in water environment management can be obtained by this evaluation system. Based on the analysis of the reasons underlying the above changes, the corresponding policy recommendations for improving water environment management and performance in central China were suggested in order to provide a reference for further improvement of water environment management in developing countries.
Keywords: water environment management; water performance evaluation; principal component analysis; pressure-state-response model; central China water environment management; water performance evaluation; principal component analysis; pressure-state-response model; central China
MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Yang, W.; Shen, X.; Yuan, G.; Wang, J. Water Environment Management and Performance Evaluation in Central China: A Research Based on Comprehensive Evaluation System. Water 2019, 11, 2472.

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