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Testing the Prediction Ability of LEM-Derived Sedimentary Budget in an Upland Catchment of the Southern Apennines, Italy: A Source to Sink Approach
Open AccessArticle

Development of Pleistocene Fluvial Terraces on the Eastern Frontal Sector of the Southern Apennines Chain, Italy

1
Dipartimento di Scienze, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, I–85100 Potenza, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali, Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”, via Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(7), 1345; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071345
Received: 13 May 2019 / Revised: 26 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue GIS Application in Fluvial Geomorphology and Landscape Changes)
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Abstract

The investigation of Pleistocene fluvial terraces in the small river valley of the Pescogrosso Stream and surrounding areas has shown a complex and positive location for the study of a fluvial catchment development. The Pescogrosso Stream is a left tributary of the Sinni River and is placed on the eastern front of the fold-and-thrust belt of the southern Apennine chain of Italy. Sedimentological and geomorphological analyses of eight fluvial terraced units revealed that their formation and evolution were strictly controlled by regional tectonic uplift of the Ionian arc, by climatic changes, and by sea-level variations. In particular, the Ionian sea-level oscillations, as a factor in controlling the short-term fluvial terrace development, was the main factor responsible for the three older terraces’ evolutions. Conversely, the evolution of the five younger terraces seems to have been controlled by the base-level variations of the Sinni River. Finally, the matching of much information derived from regional and local tectonics, the plot of longitudinal terrace profiles, and the application of a sequence-stratigraphic approach to fluvial depositional sequences allowed the recognition of three evolutionary stages of development in the Pescogrosso fluvial incised-valley system during Pleistocene times. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluvial terraces; sedimentology; geomorphology; Pleistocene; southern Apennines fluvial terraces; sedimentology; geomorphology; Pleistocene; southern Apennines
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Giannandrea, P.; Giano, S.I.; Sulpizio, R. Development of Pleistocene Fluvial Terraces on the Eastern Frontal Sector of the Southern Apennines Chain, Italy. Water 2019, 11, 1345.

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