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Open AccessArticle

Bed Shear Stress Influence on Local Scour Geometry Properties in Various Flume Development Conditions

Water Engineering Division, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, 159 Nowoursynowska Street, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
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Water 2019, 11(11), 2346; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112346
Received: 23 September 2019 / Revised: 26 October 2019 / Accepted: 6 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
Numerous approaches in sediment mobility studies highlighted the key meaning of channel roughness, which results not only from bed material granulation but also from various bed forms presence, caused by continuous sediment transport. Those forms are strictly connected with the intensity of particle transport, and they eventuate from bed shear stress. The present paper comprised of local scours geometric dimensions research in three variants of lengthwise development of laboratory flume in various hydraulic properties, both in “clear-water” and “live-bed” conditions of sediment movement. Lots of measurements of the bed conformation were executed using the LiDAR device, marked by a very precise three-dimensional shape description. The influence of the bed shear stress downstream model on scours hole dimensions of water structure was investigated as one of the key factors that impact the sediment transport intensity. A significant database of 39 experimental series, lasting averagely 8 hours, was a foundation for delineating functional correlations between bed shear stress-and-critical shear stress ratio and geometry properties of local scours in various flume development cases. In the scope of mutual influence of bed shear stress and water depth, high correlation coefficients were attained, indicating very good and good functional correlations. Also, the influence of bed shear stress and the total length of the scour demonstrated a high correlation coefficient.
Keywords: local scouring; erosion; laboratory experiments local scouring; erosion; laboratory experiments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kiraga, M.; Popek, Z. Bed Shear Stress Influence on Local Scour Geometry Properties in Various Flume Development Conditions. Water 2019, 11, 2346.

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