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Is the Hyporheic Zone Relevant beyond the Scientific Community?

Department Ecohydrology, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, 12587 Berlin, Germany
Geography Department, Humboldt University of Berlin, 12489 Berlin, Germany
Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion 84990, Israel
National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training (NCGRT), College of Science & Engineering, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
AAWA-Autorità di distretto idrografico delle Alpi Orientali, 38122 Trento, Italy
Chair of Water Resources Management and Modeling of Hydrosystems, Technische Universität Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germany
Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry (ACES), Stockholm University, 11418 Stockholm, Sweden
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Biology, Chemistry and Pharmacy Department, Free University Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Civil and Environmental Engineer Department, University of Trento, 38123 Trento, Italy
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37205, USA
School of Water, Energy and Environment, Cranfield University, Cranfield MK43 0AL, UK
O’Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
School of Earth Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
Institute of Microbiology, Leibniz University of Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany
Naturalea Conservació, SL, 08211 Castellar del Vallès, Spain
Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell’Informazione (ISTI) National Research Council (CNR), Area della Ricerca CNR di Pisa, 56124 Pisa, Italy
Julius Kühn-Institute, Institute for Ecological Chemistry, Plant Analysis and Stored Product Protection, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden
Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Chair Water Quality Engineering, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany
Department of Life Sciences, University of Roehampton, London SW15 4JD, UK
Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, 8000 Zurich, Switzerland
Institute for Hygiene and Environment, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, 20539 Hamburg, Germany
IWW Water Centre, 45476 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany
Institute of Applied Geosciences, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
Department of Earth Science, Free University Berlin, 12249 Berlin, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(11), 2230;
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 20 October 2019 / Accepted: 21 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions)
Rivers are important ecosystems under continuous anthropogenic stresses. The hyporheic zone is a ubiquitous, reactive interface between the main channel and its surrounding sediments along the river network. We elaborate on the main physical, biological, and biogeochemical drivers and processes within the hyporheic zone that have been studied by multiple scientific disciplines for almost half a century. These previous efforts have shown that the hyporheic zone is a modulator for most metabolic stream processes and serves as a refuge and habitat for a diverse range of aquatic organisms. It also exerts a major control on river water quality by increasing the contact time with reactive environments, which in turn results in retention and transformation of nutrients, trace organic compounds, fine suspended particles, and microplastics, among others. The paper showcases the critical importance of hyporheic zones, both from a scientific and an applied perspective, and their role in ecosystem services to answer the question of the manuscript title. It identifies major research gaps in our understanding of hyporheic processes. In conclusion, we highlight the potential of hyporheic restoration to efficiently manage and reactivate ecosystem functions and services in river corridors. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyporheic zone; hyporheic exchange flow; surface water–groundwater exchange; ecosystem services; nutrient turnover; refuge; hyporheos; removal of trace organic compounds; emerging pollutants; self-purification capacity hyporheic zone; hyporheic exchange flow; surface water–groundwater exchange; ecosystem services; nutrient turnover; refuge; hyporheos; removal of trace organic compounds; emerging pollutants; self-purification capacity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lewandowski, J.; Arnon, S.; Banks, E.; Batelaan, O.; Betterle, A.; Broecker, T.; Coll, C.; Drummond, J.D.; Gaona Garcia, J.; Galloway, J.; Gomez-Velez, J.; Grabowski, R.C.; Herzog, S.P.; Hinkelmann, R.; Höhne, A.; Hollender, J.; Horn, M.A.; Jaeger, A.; Krause, S.; Löchner Prats, A.; Magliozzi, C.; Meinikmann, K.; Mojarrad, B.B.; Mueller, B.M.; Peralta-Maraver, I.; Popp, A.L.; Posselt, M.; Putschew, A.; Radke, M.; Raza, M.; Riml, J.; Robertson, A.; Rutere, C.; Schaper, J.L.; Schirmer, M.; Schulz, H.; Shanafield, M.; Singh, T.; Ward, A.S.; Wolke, P.; Wörman, A.; Wu, L. Is the Hyporheic Zone Relevant beyond the Scientific Community? Water 2019, 11, 2230.

AMA Style

Lewandowski J, Arnon S, Banks E, Batelaan O, Betterle A, Broecker T, Coll C, Drummond JD, Gaona Garcia J, Galloway J, Gomez-Velez J, Grabowski RC, Herzog SP, Hinkelmann R, Höhne A, Hollender J, Horn MA, Jaeger A, Krause S, Löchner Prats A, Magliozzi C, Meinikmann K, Mojarrad BB, Mueller BM, Peralta-Maraver I, Popp AL, Posselt M, Putschew A, Radke M, Raza M, Riml J, Robertson A, Rutere C, Schaper JL, Schirmer M, Schulz H, Shanafield M, Singh T, Ward AS, Wolke P, Wörman A, Wu L. Is the Hyporheic Zone Relevant beyond the Scientific Community? Water. 2019; 11(11):2230.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lewandowski, Jörg, Shai Arnon, Eddie Banks, Okke Batelaan, Andrea Betterle, Tabea Broecker, Claudia Coll, Jennifer D. Drummond, Jaime Gaona Garcia, Jason Galloway, Jesus Gomez-Velez, Robert C. Grabowski, Skuyler P. Herzog, Reinhard Hinkelmann, Anja Höhne, Juliane Hollender, Marcus A. Horn, Anna Jaeger, Stefan Krause, Adrian Löchner Prats, Chiara Magliozzi, Karin Meinikmann, Brian Babak Mojarrad, Birgit Maria Mueller, Ignacio Peralta-Maraver, Andrea L. Popp, Malte Posselt, Anke Putschew, Michael Radke, Muhammad Raza, Joakim Riml, Anne Robertson, Cyrus Rutere, Jonas L. Schaper, Mario Schirmer, Hanna Schulz, Margaret Shanafield, Tanu Singh, Adam S. Ward, Philipp Wolke, Anders Wörman, and Liwen Wu. 2019. "Is the Hyporheic Zone Relevant beyond the Scientific Community?" Water 11, no. 11: 2230.

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