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Open AccessArticle

Silica Storage, Fluxes, and Nutrient Stoichiometry in Different Benthic Primary Producer Communities in the Littoral Zone of a Deep Subalpine Lake (Lake Iseo, Italy)

1
Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11/A, 43124 Parma, Italy
2
Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research—UFZ, Theodor-Lieser-Straße 4, 06120 Halle, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2140; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102140
Received: 22 August 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Macrobiota in Aquatic Nutrient Cycling)
Benthic vegetation at the land-water interface is recognized as a filter for silica fluxes, which represents an important but under-investigated subject. This paper aims to analyze stocks and fluxes of biogenic (BSi) and dissolved (DSi) silica in relation to nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in the littoral zone of a deep lake. Specifically, we evaluated how different primary producers can influence BSi retention and DSi release. The study was performed from April to October in 2017, in three different benthic communities: submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) and microphytobenthos (MPB), both occurring in soft bottom sediments, and epilithic macro- and microalgae (EA) on rocky substrates. The main result was that SAV and MPB were a DSi source and a N and P sink with the DSi efflux from SAV nearly three times as much as in MPB patches. These findings corroborate the hypothesis that SAV mediates the DSi transport from pore water to the water column. Conversely, EA communities were a DSi sink and a N and P source. Overall, these results highlight the fact that the littoral zone of lakes plays a key role in regulating aquatic Si cycling, which is likely to depend on the health status of SAV communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: littoral filter; benthic vegetation; nutrients; stocks; fluxes; stoichiometry littoral filter; benthic vegetation; nutrients; stocks; fluxes; stoichiometry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scibona, A.; Nizzoli, D.; Cristini, D.; Longhi, D.; Bolpagni, R.; Viaroli, P. Silica Storage, Fluxes, and Nutrient Stoichiometry in Different Benthic Primary Producer Communities in the Littoral Zone of a Deep Subalpine Lake (Lake Iseo, Italy). Water 2019, 11, 2140. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102140

AMA Style

Scibona A, Nizzoli D, Cristini D, Longhi D, Bolpagni R, Viaroli P. Silica Storage, Fluxes, and Nutrient Stoichiometry in Different Benthic Primary Producer Communities in the Littoral Zone of a Deep Subalpine Lake (Lake Iseo, Italy). Water. 2019; 11(10):2140. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102140

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scibona, Alessandro; Nizzoli, Daniele; Cristini, Domiziana; Longhi, Daniele; Bolpagni, Rossano; Viaroli, Pierluigi. 2019. "Silica Storage, Fluxes, and Nutrient Stoichiometry in Different Benthic Primary Producer Communities in the Littoral Zone of a Deep Subalpine Lake (Lake Iseo, Italy)" Water 11, no. 10: 2140. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102140

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