Next Article in Journal
Response of Water-Salt Migration to Brackish Water Irrigation with Different Irrigation Intervals and Sequences
Next Article in Special Issue
What Is the Minimum Volume of Sample to Find Small Microplastics: Laboratory Experiments and Sampling of Aveiro Lagoon and Vouga River, Portugal
Previous Article in Journal
In Situ Formation of Ionic Liquid by Metathesis Reaction for the Rapid Removal of Bisphenol A from Aqueous Solutions
Article

Microplastic Fibers Released by Textile Laundry: A New Analytical Approach for the Determination of Fibers in Effluents

1
Hohenstein Institut für Textilinnovation gGmbH, Schlosssteige 1, 74357 Bönnigheim, Germany
2
University Duisburg-Essen, Institute of Physical Chemistry and Center for Nanointegration, Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstraße 5, 45117 Essen, Germany
3
Deutsches Textilforschungszentrum Nord-West gGmbH, Adlerstr. 1, 47798 Krefeld, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2088; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102088
Received: 19 August 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 7 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microplastics in Aquatic Environments and Wastewater Treatment )
The detection of shedded fibers in effluents from textile washing has attracted much attention due to its reported contribution to microplastic pollution. Commonly used analytical methods for fiber detection in liquids are based on filtration with subsequent microscopic analysis and/or gravimetric weighing. These approaches are time-consuming and prone to errors. In this study, an approach based on dynamic image analysis was applied in order to set up an efficient method to analyze fibers in effluents from washing processes. In an initial validation step, reliable information on the counts of fibers and the morphological characteristics were confirmed. For wastewaters from polyester-cotton blends, the chemical nature of the fiber debris (natural vs. synthetic origin) was determined by combining the dynamic image analysis with a chemical pre-treatment. In this study, dynamic image analysis was revealed as a rapid, non-destructive, precise, and reliable technology for the characterization and quantification of the fiber debris, offering a promising approach for fiber analysis in liquids. View Full-Text
Keywords: microplastic; textile fibers; laundry; analytical method; fiber shedding; dynamic image analysis microplastic; textile fibers; laundry; analytical method; fiber shedding; dynamic image analysis
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Haap, J.; Classen, E.; Beringer, J.; Mecheels, S.; Gutmann, J.S. Microplastic Fibers Released by Textile Laundry: A New Analytical Approach for the Determination of Fibers in Effluents. Water 2019, 11, 2088. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102088

AMA Style

Haap J, Classen E, Beringer J, Mecheels S, Gutmann JS. Microplastic Fibers Released by Textile Laundry: A New Analytical Approach for the Determination of Fibers in Effluents. Water. 2019; 11(10):2088. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102088

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haap, Jasmin; Classen, Edith; Beringer, Jan; Mecheels, Stefan; Gutmann, Jochen S. 2019. "Microplastic Fibers Released by Textile Laundry: A New Analytical Approach for the Determination of Fibers in Effluents" Water 11, no. 10: 2088. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102088

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop