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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Urban Hydroinformatics: Past, Present and Future

by 1,2,3 and 1,4,*
1
KWR, Water Research Institute, Groningenhaven 7, 3433 PE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
2
Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Politechniou 5, 157 80 Zografou, Athens, Greece
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
4
Centre for Water Systems, University of Exeter, Exeter EX44QF, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 1959; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101959
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 20 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10th Anniversary of Water)
Hydroinformatics, as an interdisciplinary domain that blurs boundaries between water science, data science and computer science, is constantly evolving and reinventing itself. At the heart of this evolution, lies a continuous process of critical (self) appraisal of the discipline’s past, present and potential for further evolution, that creates a positive feedback loop between legacy, reality and aspirations. The power of this process is attested by the successful story of hydroinformatics thus far, which has arguably been able to mobilize wide ranging research and development and get the water sector more in tune with the digital revolution of the past 30 years. In this context, this paper attempts to trace the evolution of the discipline, from its computational hydraulics origins to its present focus on the complete socio-technical system, by providing at the same time, a functional framework to improve the understanding and highlight the links between different strands of the state-of-art hydroinformatic research and innovation. Building on this state-of-art landscape, the paper then attempts to provide an overview of key developments that are coming up, on the discipline’s horizon, focusing on developments relevant to urban water management, while at the same time, highlighting important legal, ethical and technical challenges that need to be addressed to ensure that the brightest aspects of this potential future are realized. Despite obvious limitations imposed by a single paper’s ability to report on such a diverse and dynamic field, it is hoped that this work contributes to a better understanding of both the current state of hydroinformatics and to a shared vision on the most exciting prospects for the future evolution of the discipline and the water sector it serves. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydroinformatics; smart cities; smart utilities; resilience; distributed systems; data; analytics; decision support; sociotechnical system; ethics; digital water hydroinformatics; smart cities; smart utilities; resilience; distributed systems; data; analytics; decision support; sociotechnical system; ethics; digital water
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MDPI and ACS Style

Makropoulos, C.; Savić, D.A. Urban Hydroinformatics: Past, Present and Future. Water 2019, 11, 1959. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101959

AMA Style

Makropoulos C, Savić DA. Urban Hydroinformatics: Past, Present and Future. Water. 2019; 11(10):1959. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101959

Chicago/Turabian Style

Makropoulos, C.; Savić, D. A. 2019. "Urban Hydroinformatics: Past, Present and Future" Water 11, no. 10: 1959. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101959

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