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Water 2018, 10(2), 216; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10020216

A Comparative Analysis of Exceptional Flood Events in the Context of Heavy Rains in the Summer of 2010: Siret Basin (NE Romania) Case Study

1
Department of Geography, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi (UAIC), RO-700505 Iasi, Romania
2
Interdisciplinary Research Department, Field Science, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi (UAIC), RO-700107 Iasi, Romania
3
Dipartimento di Scienze Umanistiche e Sociali, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Via Roma 151, 07100Sassari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2018 / Revised: 5 February 2018 / Accepted: 12 February 2018 / Published: 17 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Climate on Hydrological Extremes)
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Abstract

The Siret River crosses northeastern (NE) Romania from the north to the south, and it discharges into the Danube, near the city of Galati. Between 17 June and 10 July 2010, significant amounts of precipitations in the mountainous basin of Siret were recorded. The floods comprised two periods with four bimodal cycles, and they were counted as among the strongest on the Romanian territory. The exceptional floods occurred in the rivers of Siret, Suceava, Moldova, Bistrita, Trotus, and so on. The most important compound flood wave was determined by the precipitations, which fell between 29 June and 1 July 2010, when significant amounts of rain were recorded, sometimes exceeding 80 mm/day. The high discharges on the Bistrita River—downstream from the Bicaz Reservoir—were controlled by complex hydro-technical works. The maximum discharge for summer floods in the year 2010 was recorded at the Dragesti hydrometric station: 2884 m3/s (historic discharge) compared with the preceding historic discharge (2850 m3/s) of the year 2008. The effects of floods were strongest in the counties of Suceava, Neamt, and Bacau. The floods on the main course of the Siret River were analyzed in correlation with the tributaries within the mountainous sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: continental climate; exceptional floods; historic discharge; hydro-technical works; material damage; Siret catchment basin; NE Romania continental climate; exceptional floods; historic discharge; hydro-technical works; material damage; Siret catchment basin; NE Romania
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Romanescu, G.; Mihu-Pintilie, A.; Stoleriu, C.C.; Carboni, D.; Paveluc, L.E.; Cimpianu, C.I. A Comparative Analysis of Exceptional Flood Events in the Context of Heavy Rains in the Summer of 2010: Siret Basin (NE Romania) Case Study. Water 2018, 10, 216.

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