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The Four Patterns of the East Branch of the Kuroshio Bifurcation in the Luzon Strait

1
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
2
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(12), 1822; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10121822
Received: 17 November 2018 / Revised: 1 December 2018 / Accepted: 6 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ocean Exchange and Circulation)
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Abstract

Based on the self-organizing map (SOM) method, a suite of satellite measurement data, and Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) reanalysis data, the east branch of the Kuroshio bifurcation is found to have four coherent patterns associated with mesoscale eddies in the Pacific Ocean: anomalous southward, anomalous eastward, anomalous northward, and anomalous westward. The robust clockwise cycle of the four patterns causes significant intraseasonal variation of 62.2 days for the east branch. Furthermore, the study shows that the four patterns of the east branch of the Kuroshio bifurcation can influence the horizontal and vertical distribution of local sea temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: Kuroshio bifurcation; Luzon Strait; SOM; temporal and spatial variation; sea surface temperature; mesoscale eddy Kuroshio bifurcation; Luzon Strait; SOM; temporal and spatial variation; sea surface temperature; mesoscale eddy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sun, R.; Zhai, F.; Gu, Y. The Four Patterns of the East Branch of the Kuroshio Bifurcation in the Luzon Strait. Water 2018, 10, 1822.

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