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Article

Changes in Climate Extremes in Central Asia under 1.5 and 2 °C Global Warming and their Impacts on Agricultural Productions

by 1, 1,2, 1,2,* and 1,2
1
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(10), 1076; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101076
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 3 October 2020 / Published: 9 October 2020
Changes in climate extremes under 1.5 °C and 2 °C global warming may impact agricultural production across Central Asia. We used the simulated daily data of average temperature, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, and precipitation provided by the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project and analyzed the current climate status and future projected changes of a set of climate extreme indices related to agricultural production under 1.5 °C and 2 °C global warming. In addition, the possible impacts of climate change on agricultural production in Central Asia were discussed. The results show that the annual mean temperature in Central Asia will increase by 1.48 °C and 2.34 °C at 1.5 °C and 2 °C warming levels, respectively, compared to the base period (1986–2005), and the increasing trends are significant at the α = 0.01 level for all grids. The number of warm days and growing season length will increase. Under the 1.5 °C scenario, the mean annual total precipitation (PRCPTOT) and heavy precipitation (R95P) will experience increases of 7.68% and 26.55%, respectively, and the consecutive dry days (CDD) will be reduced by 1.1 days. However, the standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) shows significant drought conditions in most of Central Asia (more than 60%). Under the 2 °C scenario, there will be a 3.89% increase in PRCPTOT and a 24.78% increase in R95P. Nevertheless, accompanying the increase in CDD (0.8 day) and the decrease in SPEI, drought conditions will be further exacerbated. These results indicate that Central Asia is likely to face more severe ecological problems in the future, which will threaten the regional agricultural production and the food security. Therefore, adaptation strategies should be implemented immediately to mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on Central Asia’s agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; Central Asia; climate extreme indices; agricultural production; food security; agricultural adaptation strategies climate change; Central Asia; climate extreme indices; agricultural production; food security; agricultural adaptation strategies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Geng, X.; Hao, Z.; Zheng, J. Changes in Climate Extremes in Central Asia under 1.5 and 2 °C Global Warming and their Impacts on Agricultural Productions. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 1076. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101076

AMA Style

Liu Y, Geng X, Hao Z, Zheng J. Changes in Climate Extremes in Central Asia under 1.5 and 2 °C Global Warming and their Impacts on Agricultural Productions. Atmosphere. 2020; 11(10):1076. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101076

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Yang, Xiu Geng, Zhixin Hao, and Jingyun Zheng. 2020. "Changes in Climate Extremes in Central Asia under 1.5 and 2 °C Global Warming and their Impacts on Agricultural Productions" Atmosphere 11, no. 10: 1076. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101076

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