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Open AccessArticle

Atmospheric Density and Temperature Vertical Profile Retrieval for Flight-Tests with a Rayleigh Lidar On-Board the French Advanced Test Range Ship Monge

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Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales (LATMOS), Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), UVSQ Université Paris-Saclay, Sorbonne Université, CNRS, 78280 Guyancourt, France
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Gordien Strato, 11 Boulevard d’Alembert, 78280 Guyancourt, France
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Direction Générale de l’Armement DGA, 60 bd Gén Martial Valin, 75015 Paris, France
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Direction Générale pour l’Armement, Direction des Essais, DGA-Essais de Missiles, BEM Monge, BCRM BREST, C.C. 51, F-29240 BREST CEDEX 9, France
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Direction Générale pour l’Armement, Essais de Missiles site Landes, 40115 Biscarrosse Air, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(1), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11010075 (registering DOI)
Received: 25 November 2019 / Revised: 30 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
The Advanced Test Range Ship Monge (ATRSM) is dedicated to in-flight measurements during the re-entry phase of ballistic missiles test flights. Atmospheric density measurements from 15 to 110 km are provided using one of the world’s largest Rayleigh lidars. This lidar is the culmination of three decades of French research experience in lidar technologies, developed within the framework of the global Network for Detection of Atmospheric and Climate Changes (NDACC), and opens opportunities for high resolution Rayleigh lidar studies above 90 km. The military objective of the ATRSM project is to provide near real time estimates of the atmospheric relative density profile, with an error budget of less than 10% at 90 km altitude, given a temporal integration of 15 min and a vertical resolution of 500 m. To achieve this aim we have developed a unique lidar system which exploits six laser transmitters and a constellation of eight receiving telescopes which maximises the lidar power-aperture product. This system includes a mix of standard commercially available optical components and electronics as well as some innovative technical solutions. We have provided a detailed assessment of some of the more unique aspects of the ATRSM lidar. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rayleigh lidar; middle atmosphere; temperature; density; gravity waves Rayleigh lidar; middle atmosphere; temperature; density; gravity waves
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Wing, R.; Martic, M.; Hauchecorne, A.; Porteneuve, J.; Keckhut, P.; Courcoux, Y.; Yung, L.; Retailleau, P.; Cocuron, D. Atmospheric Density and Temperature Vertical Profile Retrieval for Flight-Tests with a Rayleigh Lidar On-Board the French Advanced Test Range Ship Monge. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 75.

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