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Open AccessArticle

Characterization and Phylogenetic Implications of the Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Syrphidae

by 1,2
1
Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources, School of Biological Science & Engineering, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong 723000, China
2
College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
Genes 2019, 10(8), 563; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10080563
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 24 July 2019 / Published: 25 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arthropod Genetics and Genomics)
In this study, the complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of two hoverfly species of Korinchia angustiabdomena (Huo, Ren, and Zheng) and Volucella nigricans Coquillett (Diptera: Syrphidae) were determined and analyzed. The circular mitogenomes were 16,473 bp in K. angustiabdomena (GenBank No. MK870078) and 15,724 bp in V. nigricans (GenBank No. MK870079). Two newly sequenced mitogenomes both contained 37 genes, and the gene order was similar with other syrphine species. All the protein-coding genes (PCGs) were started with the standard ATN codons; and most of PCGs were terminated with a TAA stop codon, while ND1 in K. angustiabdomena ended with a TAG codon, and ND5 terminated with truncated T stop codons in both species. The phylogenetic relationship between K. angustiabdomena and V. nigricans with related lineages was reconstructed using Bayesian inference and Maximum-likelihood analyses. The monophyly of each family considered within Muscomorpha was confirmed by the clades in the phylogenetic tree, and superfamily of the Oestroidea (Calliphoridae, Sarcophagidae, and Oestridae) was unexpectedly found to be a paraphyletic group based on our selected data. This mitogenome information for K. angustiabdomena and V. nigricans could facilitate future studies of evolutionarily related insects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Syrphidae; Muscomorpha; mitogenome; phylogeny Syrphidae; Muscomorpha; mitogenome; phylogeny
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Li, H. Characterization and Phylogenetic Implications of the Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Syrphidae. Genes 2019, 10, 563.

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