Angiopoietin (Ang) and its receptor, TIE signaling, contribute to the development and maturation of embryonic vasculature as well as vascular remodeling and permeability in adult tissues. Targeting both this signaling pathway and the major pathway with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is expected to permit clinical applications, especially in antiangiogenic therapies against tumors. Several drugs targeting the Ang-TIE signaling pathway in cancer patients are under clinical development. Similar to how cancer increases with age, unsuitable angiogenesis or endothelial dysfunction is often seen in other ageing-associated diseases (AADs) such as atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the Ang-TIE pathway is a possible molecular target for AAD therapy. In this review, we focus on the potential role of the Ang-TIE signaling pathway in AADs, especially non-cancer-related AADs. We also suggest translational insights and future clinical applications of this pathway in those AADs.
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