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Behavior of Metalloproteinases in Adipose Tissue, Liver and Arterial Wall: An Update of Extracellular Matrix Remodeling

1
Laboratorio de Lípidos y Aterosclerosis, Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires 1113, Argentina
2
Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Instituto de Fisiopatología y Bioquímica Clínica (INFIBIOC), Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires 1113, Argentina
3
Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, CONICET, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires C1425FQB, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cells 2019, 8(2), 158; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8020158
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 22 January 2019 / Accepted: 1 February 2019 / Published: 14 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extracellular Matrix Remodeling)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is required for many physiological and pathological processes. Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are endopeptidases which are able to degrade different components of the ECM and nucleus matrix and to cleave numerous non-ECM proteins. Among pathological processes, MMPs are involved in adipose tissue expansion, liver fibrosis, and atherosclerotic plaque development and vulnerability. The expression and the activity of these enzymes are regulated by different hormones and growth factors, such as insulin, leptin, and adiponectin. The controversial results reported up to this moment regarding MMPs behavior in ECM biology could be consequence of the different expression patterns among species and the stage of the studied pathology. The aim of the present review was to update the knowledge of the role of MMPs and its inhibitors in ECM remodeling in high incidence pathologies such as obesity, liver fibrosis, and cardiovascular disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: extracellular matrix; metalloproteinases; adipose tissue; liver; arterial wall extracellular matrix; metalloproteinases; adipose tissue; liver; arterial wall
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berg, G.; Barchuk, M.; Miksztowicz, V. Behavior of Metalloproteinases in Adipose Tissue, Liver and Arterial Wall: An Update of Extracellular Matrix Remodeling. Cells 2019, 8, 158.

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