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Open AccessArticle

Detrimental Impact of Energy Drink Compounds on Developing Oligodendrocytes and Neurons

Department of Paediatrics I, Neonatology & Experimental perinatal Neurosciences, University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Cells 2019, 8(11), 1381; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8111381
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 30 October 2019 / Accepted: 31 October 2019 / Published: 3 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oligodendrocyte Physiology and Pathology Function)
The consumption of energy drinks is continuously rising, particularly in children and adolescents. While risks for adverse health effects, like arrhythmia, have been described, effects on neural cells remain elusive. Considering that neurodevelopmental processes like myelination and neuronal network formation peak in childhood and adolescence we hypothesized that developing oligodendrocytes and neurons are particularly vulnerable to main energy drink components. Immature oligodendrocytes and hippocampal neurons were isolated from P0-P1 Wistar rats and were incubated with 0.3 mg/mL caffeine and 4 mg/mL taurine alone or in combination for 24 h. Analysis was performed immediately after treatment or after additional three days under differentiating conditions for oligodendrocytes and standard culture for neurons. Oligodendrocyte degeneration, proliferation, and differentiation were assessed via immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting. Neuronal integrity was investigated following immunocytochemistry by analysis of dendrite outgrowth and axonal morphology. Caffeine and taurine induced an increased degeneration and inhibited proliferation of immature oligodendrocytes accompanied by a decreased differentiation capacity. Moreover, dendritic branching and axonal integrity of hippocampal neurons were negatively affected by caffeine and taurine treatment. The negative impact of caffeine and taurine on developing oligodendrocytes and disturbed neuronal morphology indicates a high risk for disturbed neurodevelopment in children and adolescents by excessive energy drink consumption.
Keywords: energy drinks; caffeine; taurine; neuron; oligodendrocytes energy drinks; caffeine; taurine; neuron; oligodendrocytes
MDPI and ACS Style

Serdar, M.; Mordelt, A.; Müser, K.; Kempe, K.; Felderhoff-Müser, U.; Herz, J.; Bendix, I. Detrimental Impact of Energy Drink Compounds on Developing Oligodendrocytes and Neurons. Cells 2019, 8, 1381.

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