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Agronomic Performances of Organic Field Vegetables Managed with Conservation Agriculture Techniques: A Study from Central Italy
Open AccessArticle

A Technical-Economic Comparison between Conventional Tillage and Conservative Techniques in Paddy-Rice Production Practice in Northern Italy

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 2, IT-20133 Milan, Italy
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Agronomy 2019, 9(12), 886; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120886
Received: 22 November 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 11 December 2019 / Published: 13 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Management of Conservative, Organic and Integrated Agriculture)
In this study a technical-economic comparison was conducted to compare three different agronomic practices applied to paddy rice cultivation areas in Italy: one based on conventional tillage (CT), and two adopting conservative agriculture approaches, namely minimum tillage (MT) and no-tillage (NT). Data about production inputs (seed, fertilizers, agrochemicals, fuel) and working time were measured for each technique during the whole production season in three experimental fields. The total production costs were computed by adding the mechanization costs, calculated through the ASABE (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers) EP (Engineering Practice) 496.3 methodology, and the production input costs. The results of the study highlighted a significant reduction of total costs obtained with both minimum (−16%) and no-tillage (−19%) compared to conventional tillage. View Full-Text
Keywords: conservation agriculture; minimum tillage; no-tillage conservation agriculture; minimum tillage; no-tillage
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Calcante, A.; Oberti, R. A Technical-Economic Comparison between Conventional Tillage and Conservative Techniques in Paddy-Rice Production Practice in Northern Italy. Agronomy 2019, 9, 886.

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