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Article

Performance of Different Varieties of Spring Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) under Irrigated and Rainfed Environments in North China

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Crop Research Institute, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences (GASS), Lanzhou 730070, China
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College of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou University (LZU), Lanzhou 730000, China
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Institute of Food Crops, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences (YAAS), Kunming 650205, China
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Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100081, China
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Dingxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences (DAAS), Dingxi 743000, China
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Tangshan Academy of Agricultural Sciences (TAAS), Tangshan 063001, China
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Crop Research Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences (SAAS), Chengdu 610066, China
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Liaoning Institute of Cash Crops, Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences (LAAS), Liaoyang 111000, China
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High Latitude Crops Institute, Shanxi Agricultural University (SAU), Datong 037008, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Junfei Gu
Agronomy 2022, 12(7), 1498; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071498
Received: 10 May 2022 / Revised: 9 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultivar Development of Pulses Crop)
Field pea (Pisum sativum L.) is one of the most important pulse crops, and is widely grown in North China. To exploit potential pea varieties suitable for growing in spring planting areas, a set National Regional Trials of Spring Pea Genotype was carried out under irrigated and rainfed environments across seven locations. Grain yield and agronomic traits of fourteen pea cultivars were evaluated. Analysis of variance indicated that the effect of genotype, environments and genotypes × environments interaction was significant (p < 0.01). Results of GGE biplot analysis showed that the first and second principal components accounted for 77.5% and 14.5%, respectively. Genotypes accounted for just 14.7% of the variation in seed yield, while environments accounted for 39.9%, and genotypes × environments interaction accounted for 45.5% of the variation. Investigating the polygon view led to the identification of five superior genotypes and five productivity environments. Superior genotypes and key environments for grain yield were determined using a general linear model. The significant genotypes × environments interaction effects indicated the inconsistent performance of genotypes across the tested environments. Among the tested genotypes, significant differences were observed for grain yield and yield-related traits. The semi-leafless pea variety Longwan 10 was observed the highest yield (3308 kg/ha) over seven locations. Dingwan 12, Dingwan 13, Tongwan 5, Kewan 7 showed higher, stable grain yield than the overall mean of genotypes and check variety Zhongwan 6. The most representative and productivity regions for grain yield of field pea were Yondeng, Qitai, Liaoyang, Dingxi and Tangshan. These findings represent a comprehensive analysis of yield and stability of spring pea varieties and growing locations, which may be useful for national and international pea improvement programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-environment yield trials; pea; genotypes; grain yield; adaptability multi-environment yield trials; pea; genotypes; grain yield; adaptability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, X.; Yang, J.; He, Y.; Zong, X.; Min, G.; Lian, R.; Liu, Z.; Xiang, C.; Li, L.; Xing, B.; Zhang, L.; Gou, Z. Performance of Different Varieties of Spring Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) under Irrigated and Rainfed Environments in North China. Agronomy 2022, 12, 1498. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071498

AMA Style

Yang X, Yang J, He Y, Zong X, Min G, Lian R, Liu Z, Xiang C, Li L, Xing B, Zhang L, Gou Z. Performance of Different Varieties of Spring Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) under Irrigated and Rainfed Environments in North China. Agronomy. 2022; 12(7):1498. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071498

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Xiaoming, Jingyi Yang, Yuhua He, Xuxiao Zong, Gengmei Min, Rongfang Lian, Zhenxing Liu, Chao Xiang, Ling Li, Baolong Xing, Lijuan Zhang, and Zhiwen Gou. 2022. "Performance of Different Varieties of Spring Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) under Irrigated and Rainfed Environments in North China" Agronomy 12, no. 7: 1498. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071498

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