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Article

Scion × Rootstock Response on Production, Mineral Composition and Fruit Quality under Heavy-Calcareous Soil and Hot Climate

1
Department of Pomology, Experimental Station of Aula Dei—CSIC (Spanish National Research Council), Apdo. 13034, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain
2
IRTA Fruitcentre, PCiTAL, Park of Gardeny, Fruitcentre Building, 25003 Lleida, Spain
3
Department of Quality and Agricultural Analyses, Agro-environmental Laboratory, Government of Aragon, Apdo. 727, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Agronomy 2020, 10(8), 1159; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081159
Received: 24 June 2020 / Revised: 31 July 2020 / Accepted: 1 August 2020 / Published: 8 August 2020
Since there are many different factors which affect peach orchard profitability, it is necessary to conduct long-term studies to find the best scion/rootstock combination within the constraints imposed by local climate and economic conditions. The influence of six peach-almond hybrids (“Adafuel”, “Adarcias”, Garnem”, “GF 677”, “PADAC 9902-01” and “Rootpac 70”); one P. persica × P. davidiana hybrid: “Cadaman”; five hexaploid plums (“Adesoto 101”, “PM 44 AD”, “PM 105 AD”, “PM 150 AD”, and “Penta”); three plum × peach-almond hybrids (“PADAC 04-01”, “PADAC 04-03” and “PADAC 99-05”), and one plum x almond hybrid (“Rootpac R”) on agronomic, basic fruit quality parameters, and flower and leaf mineral nutrients of the “Big Top” nectarine was tested. The highest vigor was induced by “Adafuel”, while the lowest vigor was exhibited by “PM 105 AD”, although the latter did not differ from the rest of the rootstocks. Yield efficiency was higher for “Adesoto 101” and lower for “Adafuel”. Regarding the soluble solids content (SSC), “PADAC 04-01” rootstock induced the highest average content, although it did not differ from “Adarcias”, “Adesoto 101”, “PADAC 99-05”, “PM 105 AD”, and “Rootpac R”. In addition, significant effect of rootstock was found on the flower and leaf mineral analysis traits evaluated. The medium (“Adarcias”, “Adesoto 101”, “PM 105 AD”) to high vigorous plum based hybrid rootstocks (“PADAC 04-01”, “PADAC 99-05” and “Rootpac R”) showed the tendency to induce a better fruit quality, based on higher concentration of SSC, and other yield attributes, demonstrating their commercial interest as new rootstocks for peaches. Considering its overall performance, “PADAC 04-01” appears as a new promising rootstock alternative to peach-almond hybrids on heavy and calcareous textured soils. View Full-Text
Keywords: almond; fruit quality; mineral nutrients; plum; SSC; vigor almond; fruit quality; mineral nutrients; plum; SSC; vigor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Font i Forcada, C.; Reig, G.; Mestre, L.; Mignard, P.; Betrán, J.Á.; Moreno, M.Á. Scion × Rootstock Response on Production, Mineral Composition and Fruit Quality under Heavy-Calcareous Soil and Hot Climate. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1159. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081159

AMA Style

Font i Forcada C, Reig G, Mestre L, Mignard P, Betrán JÁ, Moreno MÁ. Scion × Rootstock Response on Production, Mineral Composition and Fruit Quality under Heavy-Calcareous Soil and Hot Climate. Agronomy. 2020; 10(8):1159. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081159

Chicago/Turabian Style

Font i Forcada, Carolina, Gemma Reig, Lucía Mestre, Pierre Mignard, Jesús Á. Betrán, and María Á. Moreno 2020. "Scion × Rootstock Response on Production, Mineral Composition and Fruit Quality under Heavy-Calcareous Soil and Hot Climate" Agronomy 10, no. 8: 1159. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081159

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