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Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Materials as Selective Recognition Sorbents for Explosives: A Review

1
UFZ-Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department Monitoring and Exploration Technologies, Permoserstraße 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany
2
Institute of Chemistry, Food Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, D-06120 Halle, Germany
3
VERIFIN, Finnish Institute for Verification of The Chemical Weapons Convention, Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki Finland
4
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University College of Science, University of Tehran, 1417466191 Tehran, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(5), 888; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11050888
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 15 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Imprinted Polymers: Challenges and Applications)
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Abstract

Explosives are of significant interest to homeland security departments and forensic investigations. Fast, sensitive and selective detection of these chemicals is of great concern for security purposes as well as for triage and decontamination in contaminated areas. To this end, selective sorbents with fast binding kinetics and high binding capacity, either in combination with a sensor transducer or a sampling/sample-preparation method, are required. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) show promise as cost-effective and rugged artificial selective sorbents, which have a wide variety of applications. This manuscript reviews the innovative strategies developed in 57 manuscripts (published from 2006 to 2019) to use MIP materials for explosives. To the best of our knowledge, there are currently no commercially available MIP-modified sensors or sample preparation methods for explosives in the market. We believe that this review provides information to give insight into the future prospects and potential commercialization of such materials. We warn the readers of the hazards of working with explosives. View Full-Text
Keywords: molecularly imprinted polymer; explosive; explosive marker; nitroaromatic compounds; trinitrotoluene; TNT; dinitrotoluene; trinitrophenol; sensors; sample preparation molecularly imprinted polymer; explosive; explosive marker; nitroaromatic compounds; trinitrotoluene; TNT; dinitrotoluene; trinitrophenol; sensors; sample preparation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zarejousheghani, M.; Lorenz, W.; Vanninen, P.; Alizadeh, T.; Cämmerer, M.; Borsdorf, H. Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Materials as Selective Recognition Sorbents for Explosives: A Review. Polymers 2019, 11, 888.

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