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Fabrication of Water-Compatible Molecularly Imprinted Resin in a Hydrophilic Deep Eutectic Solvent for the Determination and Purification of Quinolones in Wastewaters

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-701, Korea
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Polymers 2019, 11(5), 871; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11050871
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Imprinted Polymers: Challenges and Applications)
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Abstract

A novel water-compatible molecularly imprinted resin was prepared in a green solvent deep eutectic solvent (DES). Resorcinol and melamine, as functional monomers with an abundant hydrophilic group, such as –OH, –NH2 and –NH–, were introduced into the molecularly imprinted resin (MIR). Three DESs (choline chloride-ethylene glycol, tetramethylammonium bromide-ethylene glycol and tetramethylammonium chloride-ethylene glycol) were used to synthesize the molecularly imprinted resin and the resulting deep eutectic solvent-based molecularly imprinted resins were characterized by particle size analysis, elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The resulting deep eutectic solvent-based molecularly imprinted resins were then applied to the adsorption of quinolones (ofloxacin) in water. The adsorption process of deep eutectic solvent-based molecularly imprinted resin followed the static adsorption model, Langmuir isotherm (R2 ≥ 0.9618) and kinetic model pseudo-second-order (R2 > 0.9814). The highest theory adsorption ability of the three kinds of deep eutectic solvent-based molecularly imprinted resins was more than 23.79 mg/g. The choline chloride-ethylene glycol-based MIR was applied to solid-phase extraction for the determination and purification of quinolones (e.g., ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin). The detection limit of deep eutectic solvent-based molecularly imprinted resin-solid-phase extraction method was less than 0.018 mg/L. The recoveries of the deep eutectic solvent-based molecularly imprinted resin-solid-phase extraction method at three spiked levels were 88.7–94.5%, with a relative standard deviation of ≤4.8%. The novel deep eutectic solvent-based molecularly imprinted resin-solid-phase extraction method is a simple, selective and accurate pre-treatment method and can be used to determine the quinolones in environmental water. View Full-Text
Keywords: molecularly imprinted resin; deep eutectic solvent; hydrophilicity molecularly imprinted resin; deep eutectic solvent; hydrophilicity
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Tang, W.; Row, K.H. Fabrication of Water-Compatible Molecularly Imprinted Resin in a Hydrophilic Deep Eutectic Solvent for the Determination and Purification of Quinolones in Wastewaters. Polymers 2019, 11, 871.

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