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Parametric Study of Effects of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment on the Wettability of Cotton Fabric

Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2018, 10(3), 233;
Received: 17 January 2018 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 25 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Textile and Textile-Based Materials)
PDF [2411 KB, uploaded 26 February 2018]


In textiles processing, wettability of fabric plays a very important role in enhancing processes such as dyeing and printing. Although well-prepared cotton fabric has very good wettability, further enhancement of its wettability can effectively improve the subsequent dyeing and printing processes. Plasma treatment, especially atmospheric pressure plasma treatment (APPT), a continuous process, is now drawing attention of the industry. In this study, we investigated the effect of APPT under four operational parameters: (1) discharge power; (2) flow rate of oxygen; (3) jet travelling speed; and (4) jet-to-substrate distance on wettability (in terms of wickability and wetting area) of cotton fabric. Experimental results revealed that the four parameters interact with each other in affecting the wettability of the cotton fabric. The results are discussed comprehensively. View Full-Text
Keywords: atmospheric pressure plasma; cotton; wettability; wicking; parameter atmospheric pressure plasma; cotton; wettability; wicking; parameter

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kan, C.-W.; Man, W.-S. Parametric Study of Effects of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment on the Wettability of Cotton Fabric. Polymers 2018, 10, 233.

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