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Polymers 2018, 10(3), 230; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10030230

Performance of Plain Woven Jute Fabric-Reinforced Polyester Matrix Composite in Multilayered Ballistic System

Materials Science Program, Military Institute of Engineering (IME), Praça General Tibúrcio 80, Urca, 22290-270 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Received: 19 January 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Textile and Textile-Based Materials)
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Abstract

The ballistic performance of plain woven jute fabric-reinforced polyester matrix composites was investigated as the second layer in a multilayered armor system (MAS). Volume fractions of jute fabric, up to 30 vol %, were mixed with orthophthalic polyester to fabricate laminate composites. Ballistic tests were conducted using high velocity 7.62 mm ammunition. The depth of penetration caused by the bullet in a block of clay witness, simulating a human body, was used to evaluate the MAS ballistic performance according to the international standard. The fractured materials after tests were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated that jute fabric composites present a performance similar to that of the much stronger Kevlar™, which is an aramid fabric laminate, as MAS second layer with the same thickness. The mechanism of this similar ballistic behavior as well as the comparative advantages of the jute fabric composites over the Kevlar™ are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: jute fabric; polyester composite; multilayered armor; ballistic performance; economical advantage jute fabric; polyester composite; multilayered armor; ballistic performance; economical advantage
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Monteiro, S.N.; Pereira, A.C.; Ferreira, C.L.; Pereira Júnior, É.; Weber, R.P.; Assis, F.S. Performance of Plain Woven Jute Fabric-Reinforced Polyester Matrix Composite in Multilayered Ballistic System. Polymers 2018, 10, 230.

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