Transparent Low Electrostatic Charge Films Based on Carbon Nanotubes and Polypropylene. Homopolymer Cast Films
AbstractUse of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in external layers (A-layers) of ABA-trilayer polypropylene films was investigated, with the purpose of determining intrinsic and extrinsic factors that could lead to antistatic behavior of transparent films. The incorporation of 0.01, 0.1, and 1 wt % of MWCTNs in the A-layers was done by dilution through the masterbatch method. Masterbatches were fabricated using isotactic polypropylene (iPP) with different melt flow indexes 2.5, 34, and 1200 g/10 min, and using different ultrasound assist methods. It was found that films containing MWCNTs show surface electrical resistivity of 1012 and 1016 Ω/sq, regardless of the iPP melt flow index (MFI) and masterbatch fabrication method. However, electrostatic charge was found to depend upon the iPP MFI, the ultrasound assist method and MWCNT concentration. A percolation electron transport mechanism was determined most likely responsible for this behavior. Optical properties for films containing MWCNTs do not show significant differences compared to the reference film at MWCNT concentrations below 0.1 wt %. However, an enhancement in brightness was observed, and it was attributed to ordered iPP molecules wrapping the MWCNTs. Bright transparent films with low electrostatic charge were obtained even for MWCNTs concentrations as low as 0.01 wt %. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (ZIP, 14 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Quiñones-Jurado, Z.V.; Waldo-Mendoza, M.Á.; Mata-Padilla, J.M.; González-Morones, P.; Martínez-Colunga, J.G.; Soriano-Corral, F.; Cruz-Delgado, V.J.; Ziolo, R.F.; Avila-Orta, C.A. Transparent Low Electrostatic Charge Films Based on Carbon Nanotubes and Polypropylene. Homopolymer Cast Films. Polymers 2018, 10, 55.
Quiñones-Jurado ZV, Waldo-Mendoza MÁ, Mata-Padilla JM, González-Morones P, Martínez-Colunga JG, Soriano-Corral F, Cruz-Delgado VJ, Ziolo RF, Avila-Orta CA. Transparent Low Electrostatic Charge Films Based on Carbon Nanotubes and Polypropylene. Homopolymer Cast Films. Polymers. 2018; 10(1):55.Chicago/Turabian Style
Quiñones-Jurado, Zoe V.; Waldo-Mendoza, Miguel Á.; Mata-Padilla, José M.; González-Morones, Pablo; Martínez-Colunga, Juan G.; Soriano-Corral, Florentino; Cruz-Delgado, Víctor J.; Ziolo, Ronald F.; Avila-Orta, Carlos A. 2018. "Transparent Low Electrostatic Charge Films Based on Carbon Nanotubes and Polypropylene. Homopolymer Cast Films." Polymers 10, no. 1: 55.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.