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Open AccessArticle

Ultrasonic-Assisted Michael Addition of Arylhalide to Activated Olefins Utilizing Nanosized CoMgAl-Layered Double Hydroxide Catalysts

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Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Jeddah, P.O. Box 80329, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(2), 220; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10020220
Received: 27 December 2019 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 8 February 2020 / Published: 11 February 2020
An efficient cobalt-based layered double hydroxide (LDH)-catalyzed Michael addition of an aryl halide compound onto activated olefin as a Michael acceptor is described. The synthesized catalytic materials were characterized using different techniques to investigate their physicochemical, morphological, and textural properties. The partial isomorphic substitution of magnesium by cobalt ions in the cationic sheets of the layered double hydroxide (CoMgAl-LDH) appears to be an appropriate catalyst to cause this reaction. This technique enables compound synthesis resulting from the 1,4-addition in good to excellent yields. Moreover, ultrasound was found to have beneficial effect on this reaction due to the cavitation phenomenon.
Keywords: Michael addition; cobalt-based LDHs; ultrasonic irradiation; synergistic effect Michael addition; cobalt-based LDHs; ultrasonic irradiation; synergistic effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Althabaiti, N.S.; Al-Nwaiser, F.M.; Saleh, T.S.; Mokhtar, M. Ultrasonic-Assisted Michael Addition of Arylhalide to Activated Olefins Utilizing Nanosized CoMgAl-Layered Double Hydroxide Catalysts. Catalysts 2020, 10, 220.

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