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Open AccessReview

Role of the Exosome in Ovarian Cancer Progression and Its Potential as a Therapeutic Target

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 5650871, Japan
2
Department of Molecular Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
3
Penn Ovarian Cancer Research Center, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Biomedical Research Building II/III, 421 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2019, 11(8), 1147; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11081147
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 10 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ovarian Cancer Metastasis)
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Abstract

Peritoneal dissemination is a distinct form of metastasis in ovarian cancer that precedes hematogenic or lymphatic metastasis. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles of 30–150 nm in diameter secreted by different cell types and internalized by target cells. There is emerging evidence that exosomes facilitate the peritoneal dissemination of ovarian cancer by mediating intercellular communication between cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment through the transfer of nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids. Furthermore, therapeutic applications of exosomes as drug cargo delivery are attracting research interest because exosomes are stabilized in circulation. This review highlights the functions of exosomes in each process of the peritoneal dissemination of ovarian cancer and discusses their potential for cancer therapeutics. View Full-Text
Keywords: exosome; ovarian cancer; peritoneal dissemination exosome; ovarian cancer; peritoneal dissemination
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Nakamura, K.; Sawada, K.; Kobayashi, M.; Miyamoto, M.; Shimizu, A.; Yamamoto, M.; Kinose, Y.; Kimura, T. Role of the Exosome in Ovarian Cancer Progression and Its Potential as a Therapeutic Target. Cancers 2019, 11, 1147.

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