A Basic Study of Photodynamic Therapy with Glucose-Conjugated Chlorin e6 Using Mammary Carcinoma Xenografts
AbstractBy using the Warburg effect—a phenomenon where tumors consume higher glucose levels than normal cells—on cancer cells to enhance the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT), we developed a new photosensitizer, glucose-conjugated chlorin e6 (G-Ce6). We analyzed the efficacy of PDT with G-Ce6 against canine mammary carcinoma (CMC) in vitro and in vivo. The pharmacokinetics of G-Ce6 at 2, 5, and 20 mg/kg was examined in normal dogs, whereas its intracellular localization, concentration, and photodynamic effects were investigated in vitro using CMC cells (SNP cells). G-Ce6 (10 mg/kg) was administered in vivo at 5 min or 3 h before laser irradiation to SNP tumor-bearing murine models. The in vitro study revealed that G-Ce6 was mainly localized to the lysosomes. Cell viability decreased in a G-Ce6 concentration- and light intensity-dependent manner in the PDT group. Cell death induced by PDT with G-Ce6 was not inhibited by an apoptosis inhibitor. In the in vivo study, 5-min-interval PDT exhibited greater effects than 3-h-interval PDT. The mean maximum blood concentration and half-life of G-Ce6 (2 mg/kg) were 15.19 ± 4.44 μg/mL and 3.02 ± 0.58 h, respectively. Thus, 5-min-interval PDT with G-Ce6 was considered effective against CMC. View Full-Text
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Osaki, T.; Hibino, S.; Yokoe, I.; Yamaguchi, H.; Nomoto, A.; Yano, S.; Mikata, Y.; Tanaka, M.; Kataoka, H.; Okamoto, Y. A Basic Study of Photodynamic Therapy with Glucose-Conjugated Chlorin e6 Using Mammary Carcinoma Xenografts. Cancers 2019, 11, 636.
Osaki T, Hibino S, Yokoe I, Yamaguchi H, Nomoto A, Yano S, Mikata Y, Tanaka M, Kataoka H, Okamoto Y. A Basic Study of Photodynamic Therapy with Glucose-Conjugated Chlorin e6 Using Mammary Carcinoma Xenografts. Cancers. 2019; 11(5):636.Chicago/Turabian Style
Osaki, Tomohiro; Hibino, Shota; Yokoe, Inoru; Yamaguchi, Hiroaki; Nomoto, Akihiro; Yano, Shigenobu; Mikata, Yuji; Tanaka, Mamoru; Kataoka, Hiromi; Okamoto, Yoshiharu. 2019. "A Basic Study of Photodynamic Therapy with Glucose-Conjugated Chlorin e6 Using Mammary Carcinoma Xenografts." Cancers 11, no. 5: 636.
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