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Open AccessArticle

Study on the Critical Wind Speed of a Resonant Cavity Piezoelectric Energy Harvester Driven by Driving Wind Pressure

1
School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Robotics and System, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2019, 10(12), 842; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10120842
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 26 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 1 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Piezoelectric Transducers: Materials, Devices and Applications)
In order to solve the problem of continuous and stable power supply for vehicle sensors, a resonant cavity piezoelectric energy harvester driven by driving wind pressure was designed. The harvester has an effective working range of wind speed. According to the energy conservation law, the cut-in (initial) wind speed of the harvester was solved. The pressure distribution law of the elastic beam in the flow field was studied by the Fluent software package, and the results were loaded into a finite element model with a method of partition loading. The relationship between the wind speed and the maximum principal stress of the piezoelectric cantilever beam was analyzed, and the critical stress method was used to study the cut-out wind speed of the energy harvester. The results show that the cut-in wind speed of the piezoelectric energy harvester is 5.29 m/s, and the cut-out wind speed is 24 m/s. Finally, an experiment on the power generation performance of the energy harvester was carried out. The experimental results show that the cut-in and cut-out wind speeds of the piezoelectric energy harvester are 5 m/s and 24 m/s, respectively, and the best matching load is 60 kΩ. The average output power, generated by the harvester when the driving wind speed is 22 m/s, is 0.145 mW, and the corresponding power density is 1.2 mW/cm3.
Keywords: piezoelectric energy harvester; cut-in wind speed; cut-out wind speed; energy conservation method; critical stress method piezoelectric energy harvester; cut-in wind speed; cut-out wind speed; energy conservation method; critical stress method
MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Li, Z.; Liu, Q.; Shan , X. Study on the Critical Wind Speed of a Resonant Cavity Piezoelectric Energy Harvester Driven by Driving Wind Pressure. Micromachines 2019, 10, 842.

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