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Open AccessArticle

Aflatoxin Control in Maize by Trametes versicolor

1
Environmental Biology Department, Università Sapienza, Roma 00185, Italy
2
Zooprohylactic Experimental Institute of Lombardia and Emilia Romagna "Bruno Ubertini", Brescia 25124, Italy
3
Cellular Biotechnology and Hematology Department, Università Sapienza, Roma 00185, Italy
4
Department of Ecology, Agronomy and Aquaculture, University of Zadar, 23 000 Zadar, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2014, 6(12), 3426-3437; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins6123426
Received: 26 September 2014 / Revised: 5 December 2014 / Accepted: 8 December 2014 / Published: 17 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Detoxification of Mycotoxins)
Aspergillus flavus is a well-known ubiquitous fungus able to contaminate both in pre- and postharvest period different feed and food commodities. During their growth, these fungi can synthesise aflatoxins, secondary metabolites highly hazardous for animal and human health. The requirement of products with low impact on the environment and on human health, able to control aflatoxin production, has increased. In this work the effect of the basidiomycete Trametes versicolor on the aflatoxin production by A. flavus both in vitro and in maize, was investigated. The goal was to propose an environmental loyal tool for a significant control of aflatoxin production, in order to obtain feedstuffs and feed with a high standard of quality and safety to enhance the wellbeing of dairy cows. The presence of T. versicolor, grown on sugar beet pulp, inhibited the production of aflatoxin B1 in maize by A. flavus. Furthermore, treatment of contaminated maize with culture filtrates of T. versicolor containing ligninolytic enzymes, showed a significant reduction of the content of aflatoxin B1. View Full-Text
Keywords: Trametes versicolor; aflatoxins; laccase; cow feed Trametes versicolor; aflatoxins; laccase; cow feed
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Scarpari, M.; Bello, C.; Pietricola, C.; Zaccaria, M.; Bertocchi, L.; Angelucci, A.; Ricciardi, M.R.; Scala, V.; Parroni, A.; Fabbri, A.A.; Reverberi, M.; Zjalic, S.; Fanelli, C. Aflatoxin Control in Maize by Trametes versicolor. Toxins 2014, 6, 3426-3437.

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