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Article

Effects of Dietary Lanthanum Chloride on Growth Performance, Hematology and Serum Biochemistry of Juvenile Clarias gariepinus Catfish Fed Diets Amended with Mixtures of Aflatoxin B1 and Fumonisin B1

1
Department of Animal Health and Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada 902001, Nigeria
2
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada 902001, Nigeria
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Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada 902001, Nigeria
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Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada 902001, Nigeria
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Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada 902001, Nigeria
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Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada 902001, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2022, 14(8), 553; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins14080553
Received: 29 April 2022 / Revised: 13 June 2022 / Accepted: 28 June 2022 / Published: 14 August 2022
This study aimed to determine the effects of dietary lanthanum chloride on the growth and health performance of juvenile Clarias gariepinus when fed diets experimentally contaminated with mixtures of aflatoxin B1 and fumonisin B1. A control diet, (mycotoxin free, diet A), mycotoxin contaminated (diet B), and two mycotoxin-contaminated diets amended with lanthanum chloride (200 mg/kg, diet C; and 400 mg/kg, diet D), were fed to 450 fish divided equally into five groups (each with three replicates) for 56 days. The fish were randomly sampled at the time points: day 7, 28 and day 56 for the zootechnical, hematological and serum biochemical evaluations. The fish fed the diets amended with lanthanum chloride exhibited significantly (p < 0.05) better performance indices compared with the fish fed only the mycotoxin-contaminated diet. Lanthanum chloride elicited significant (p < 0.05) increases in erythrocytes and leucocytes count and significant (p < 0.05) reduction in serum transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase activities, urea and uric acid concentrations in the fish fed the diets contaminated with mixtures of aflatoxin B1 and fumonisin B1. The study indicates that juvenile Clarias gariepinus may be beneficially cultured with mycotoxin-contaminated grains amended with 200 to 400 mg/kg lanthanum chloride. View Full-Text
Keywords: aflatoxin B1; fumonisin B1; lanthanum chloride; Clarias gariepinus; hematology; serum biochemistry aflatoxin B1; fumonisin B1; lanthanum chloride; Clarias gariepinus; hematology; serum biochemistry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adeyemo, B.T.; Enefe, N.G.; Kayode, T.B.; Ezekwesili, A.; Olabode, O.H.; Zakariya, A.; Oladele, G.M.; Abalaka, S.E.; Nafarnda, W.D.; Alawa, C.B.I. Effects of Dietary Lanthanum Chloride on Growth Performance, Hematology and Serum Biochemistry of Juvenile Clarias gariepinus Catfish Fed Diets Amended with Mixtures of Aflatoxin B1 and Fumonisin B1. Toxins 2022, 14, 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins14080553

AMA Style

Adeyemo BT, Enefe NG, Kayode TB, Ezekwesili A, Olabode OH, Zakariya A, Oladele GM, Abalaka SE, Nafarnda WD, Alawa CBI. Effects of Dietary Lanthanum Chloride on Growth Performance, Hematology and Serum Biochemistry of Juvenile Clarias gariepinus Catfish Fed Diets Amended with Mixtures of Aflatoxin B1 and Fumonisin B1. Toxins. 2022; 14(8):553. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins14080553

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adeyemo, Bolade Thomas, Ndidi Gloria Enefe, Tanimomo Babatunde Kayode, Augustina Ezekwesili, Olatunde Hamza Olabode, Audu Zakariya, Gbenga Michael Oladele, Samson Eneojo Abalaka, Wesley Daniel Nafarnda, and Clement Barikuma Innocent Alawa. 2022. "Effects of Dietary Lanthanum Chloride on Growth Performance, Hematology and Serum Biochemistry of Juvenile Clarias gariepinus Catfish Fed Diets Amended with Mixtures of Aflatoxin B1 and Fumonisin B1" Toxins 14, no. 8: 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins14080553

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