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Potential Roles and Functions of Listerial Virulence Factors during Brain Entry

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
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Toxins 2020, 12(5), 297; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12050297
Received: 17 March 2020 / Revised: 30 April 2020 / Accepted: 30 April 2020 / Published: 5 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toxins and Virulence Factors of Listeria monocytogenes)
Although it rarely induces disease in humans, Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is important due to the frequency of serious pathological conditions—such as sepsis and meningitis—it causes in those few people that do get infected. Virulence factors (VF) of Lm—especially those involved in the passage through multiple cellular barriers of the body, including internalin (Inl) family members and listeriolysin O (LLO)—have been investigated both in vitro and in vivo, but the majority of work was focused on the mechanisms utilized during penetration of the gut and fetoplacental barriers. The role of listerial VF during entry into other organs remain as only partially solved puzzles. Here, we review the current knowledge on the entry of Lm into one of its more significant destinations, the brain, with a specific focus on the role of various VF in cellular adhesion and invasion. View Full-Text
Keywords: Listeria monocytogenes; virulence factors; internalin; autolysin; listeriolysin; brain invasion Listeria monocytogenes; virulence factors; internalin; autolysin; listeriolysin; brain invasion
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Banović, F.; Schroten, H.; Schwerk, C. Potential Roles and Functions of Listerial Virulence Factors during Brain Entry. Toxins 2020, 12, 297.

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