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Nutrients 2017, 9(4), 316;

Angiotensin-I-Converting Enzyme (ACE)-Inhibitory Peptides from Plants

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul 34469, Turkey
Department of Anesthesia and Reanimation, Bezmialem Vakif University Medical Faculty, Istanbul 34093, Turkey
BIOACTIVE Research & Innovation Food Manufacturing Industry Trade LTD Co., Maslak, Istanbul 34469, Turkey
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 7 March 2017 / Accepted: 13 March 2017 / Published: 23 March 2017
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Hypertension is an important factor in cardiovascular diseases. Angiotensin-I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors like synthetic drugs are widely used to control hypertension. ACE-inhibitory peptides from food origins could be a good alternative to synthetic drugs. A number of plant-based peptides have been investigated for their potential ACE inhibitor activities by using in vitro and in vivo assays. These plant-based peptides can be obtained by solvent extraction, enzymatic hydrolysis with or without novel food processing methods, and fermentation. ACE-inhibitory activities of peptides can be affected by their structural characteristics such as chain length, composition and sequence. ACE-inhibitory peptides should have gastrointestinal stability and reach the cardiovascular system to show their bioactivity. This paper reviews the current literature on plant-derived ACE-inhibitory peptides including their sources, production and structure, as well as their activity by in vitro and in vivo studies and their bioavailability. View Full-Text
Keywords: angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity; bioactive peptides; plant proteins; enzymatic hydrolysis; bioavailability; obesity; diabetes angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity; bioactive peptides; plant proteins; enzymatic hydrolysis; bioavailability; obesity; diabetes

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Daskaya-Dikmen, C.; Yucetepe, A.; Karbancioglu-Guler, F.; Daskaya, H.; Ozcelik, B. Angiotensin-I-Converting Enzyme (ACE)-Inhibitory Peptides from Plants. Nutrients 2017, 9, 316.

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