The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth
AbstractType 2 diabetes in children and adolescents has become a prominent clinical issue in recent decades. Increasing numbers of young people have risk factors for type 2 diabetes, particularly obesity, indicating the need for effective type 2 diabetes prevention strategies. The aim of this review was to identify specific dietary strategies that optimize improvements in risk factors for type 2 diabetes in youth and hence reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes development. Our review of the current literature indicates that dietary interventions lead to weight loss when intervention adherence is high. However, in addition to weight loss, a diet that is reduced in carbohydrates may optimize improvements in other type 2 diabetes risk factors, including insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. While further research is needed to confirm this finding, reduced carbohydrate diets may include a very low-carbohydrate diet, a very low-energy diet, a lower-glycemic-index diet, and/or an intermittent fasting diet. This array of dietary strategies provides a suite of intervention options for clinicians to recommend to young people at risk of type 2 diabetes. However, these findings are in contrast to current guidelines for the prevention of type 2 diabetes in adults which recommends a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Gow, M.L.; Garnett, S.P.; Baur, L.A.; Lister, N.B. The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth. Nutrients 2016, 8, 486.
Gow ML, Garnett SP, Baur LA, Lister NB. The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth. Nutrients. 2016; 8(8):486.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gow, Megan L.; Garnett, Sarah P.; Baur, Louise A.; Lister, Natalie B. 2016. "The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth." Nutrients 8, no. 8: 486.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.