Next Article in Journal
Vitamin D Status and Supplementation Practices in Elite Irish Athletes: An Update from 2010/2011
Next Article in Special Issue
Calorie Restricted High Protein Diets Downregulate Lipogenesis and Lower Intrahepatic Triglyceride Concentrations in Male Rats
Previous Article in Journal
Sex-Specific Sociodemographic Correlates of Dietary Patterns in a Large Sample of French Elderly Individuals
Previous Article in Special Issue
Protein-Pacing Caloric-Restriction Enhances Body Composition Similarly in Obese Men and Women during Weight Loss and Sustains Efficacy during Long-Term Weight Maintenance
Review

The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth

1
The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead 2145, Australia
2
The Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, The University of Sydney, Westmead 2145, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(8), 486; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080486
Received: 15 June 2016 / Revised: 20 July 2016 / Accepted: 4 August 2016 / Published: 9 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Carbohydrate Diet for Weight Loss: Is There a Benefit?)
Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents has become a prominent clinical issue in recent decades. Increasing numbers of young people have risk factors for type 2 diabetes, particularly obesity, indicating the need for effective type 2 diabetes prevention strategies. The aim of this review was to identify specific dietary strategies that optimize improvements in risk factors for type 2 diabetes in youth and hence reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes development. Our review of the current literature indicates that dietary interventions lead to weight loss when intervention adherence is high. However, in addition to weight loss, a diet that is reduced in carbohydrates may optimize improvements in other type 2 diabetes risk factors, including insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. While further research is needed to confirm this finding, reduced carbohydrate diets may include a very low-carbohydrate diet, a very low-energy diet, a lower-glycemic-index diet, and/or an intermittent fasting diet. This array of dietary strategies provides a suite of intervention options for clinicians to recommend to young people at risk of type 2 diabetes. However, these findings are in contrast to current guidelines for the prevention of type 2 diabetes in adults which recommends a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes; obesity; prevention; child; adolescent; youth; carbohydrate; diet intervention type 2 diabetes; obesity; prevention; child; adolescent; youth; carbohydrate; diet intervention
MDPI and ACS Style

Gow, M.L.; Garnett, S.P.; Baur, L.A.; Lister, N.B. The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth. Nutrients 2016, 8, 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080486

AMA Style

Gow ML, Garnett SP, Baur LA, Lister NB. The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth. Nutrients. 2016; 8(8):486. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gow, Megan L., Sarah P. Garnett, Louise A. Baur, and Natalie B. Lister 2016. "The Effectiveness of Different Diet Strategies to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Youth" Nutrients 8, no. 8: 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080486

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop