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Sex-Specific Sociodemographic Correlates of Dietary Patterns in a Large Sample of French Elderly Individuals

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Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, UMR Université Paris 13/Inserm U1153/Inra U1125/Cnam, Bobigny 93017, France
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Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation, CNRS, Inra U1324, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon 21000, France
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Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny 93017, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(8), 484; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080484
Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 26 July 2016 / Accepted: 1 August 2016 / Published: 8 August 2016
This cross-sectional analysis provides up-to-date information about dietary patterns (DP) and their sociodemographic correlates in European elderly individuals. We studied 6686 enrollees aged 65+ (55% women) in the ongoing French population-based NutriNet-Santé e-cohort. Diet was assessed via three 24 h records. The sex-specific correlates of factor analysis derived DP were identified with multivariable linear regression. Using 22 pre-defined food groups, three DP were extracted. The “healthy” DP (fruit, vegetables, grains, nuts, fish) was positively associated with education, living alone, and being a former smoker (women), and negatively associated with being overweight, current smoker (men), age 75+ years, having hypertension, and obesity (women). The “western” DP (meat, appetizers, cheese, alcohol) was positively associated with BMI (men) and being a former/current smoker; it was negatively associated with age 75+ years (women) and living alone. The “traditional” DP (bread, potatoes, milk, vegetables, butter, stock) was positively associated with age and negatively associated with being a former/current smoker, education (men), and residing in an urban/semi-urban area. The findings support the diversity of DP among the elderly, highlighting sex-specific differences. The “healthy” DP explained the largest amount of variance in intake. Future studies could replicate the models in longitudinal and international contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; elderly; sociodemographic factors; general population dietary patterns; elderly; sociodemographic factors; general population
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Andreeva, V.A.; Allès, B.; Feron, G.; Gonzalez, R.; Sulmont-Rossé, C.; Galan, P.; Hercberg, S.; Méjean, C. Sex-Specific Sociodemographic Correlates of Dietary Patterns in a Large Sample of French Elderly Individuals. Nutrients 2016, 8, 484.

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