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Sex-Specific Sociodemographic Correlates of Dietary Patterns in a Large Sample of French Elderly Individuals

Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, UMR Université Paris 13/Inserm U1153/Inra U1125/Cnam, Bobigny 93017, France
Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation, CNRS, Inra U1324, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon 21000, France
Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny 93017, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(8), 484;
Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 26 July 2016 / Accepted: 1 August 2016 / Published: 8 August 2016
This cross-sectional analysis provides up-to-date information about dietary patterns (DP) and their sociodemographic correlates in European elderly individuals. We studied 6686 enrollees aged 65+ (55% women) in the ongoing French population-based NutriNet-Santé e-cohort. Diet was assessed via three 24 h records. The sex-specific correlates of factor analysis derived DP were identified with multivariable linear regression. Using 22 pre-defined food groups, three DP were extracted. The “healthy” DP (fruit, vegetables, grains, nuts, fish) was positively associated with education, living alone, and being a former smoker (women), and negatively associated with being overweight, current smoker (men), age 75+ years, having hypertension, and obesity (women). The “western” DP (meat, appetizers, cheese, alcohol) was positively associated with BMI (men) and being a former/current smoker; it was negatively associated with age 75+ years (women) and living alone. The “traditional” DP (bread, potatoes, milk, vegetables, butter, stock) was positively associated with age and negatively associated with being a former/current smoker, education (men), and residing in an urban/semi-urban area. The findings support the diversity of DP among the elderly, highlighting sex-specific differences. The “healthy” DP explained the largest amount of variance in intake. Future studies could replicate the models in longitudinal and international contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; elderly; sociodemographic factors; general population dietary patterns; elderly; sociodemographic factors; general population
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Andreeva, V.A.; Allès, B.; Feron, G.; Gonzalez, R.; Sulmont-Rossé, C.; Galan, P.; Hercberg, S.; Méjean, C. Sex-Specific Sociodemographic Correlates of Dietary Patterns in a Large Sample of French Elderly Individuals. Nutrients 2016, 8, 484.

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