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Open AccessArticle

Does an Adolescent’s Accuracy of Recall Improve with a Second 24-h Dietary Recall?

1
School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
2
Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Centre, Honolulu, HI 96844, USA
3
Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2015, 7(5), 3557-3568; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7053557
Received: 14 April 2015 / Revised: 29 April 2015 / Accepted: 6 May 2015 / Published: 13 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Nutrient Intakes)
The multiple-pass 24-h dietary recall is used in most national dietary surveys. Our purpose was to assess if adolescents’ accuracy of recall improved when a 5-step multiple-pass 24-h recall was repeated. Participants (n = 24), were Chinese-American youths aged between 11 and 15 years and lived in a supervised environment as part of a metabolic feeding study. The 24-h recalls were conducted on two occasions during the first five days of the study. The four steps (quick list; forgotten foods; time and eating occasion; detailed description of the food/beverage) of the 24-h recall were assessed for matches by category. Differences were observed in the matching for the time and occasion step (p < 0.01), detailed description (p < 0.05) and portion size matching (p < 0.05). Omission rates were higher for the second recall (p < 0.05 quick list; p < 0.01 forgotten foods). The adolescents over-estimated energy intake on the first (11.3% ± 22.5%; p < 0.05) and second recall (10.1% ± 20.8%) compared with the known food and beverage items. These results suggest that the adolescents’ accuracy to recall food items declined with a second 24-h recall when repeated over two non-consecutive days. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; adolescent; 24-h dietary recall; dietary assessment; 5-step multiple-pass method diet; adolescent; 24-h dietary recall; dietary assessment; 5-step multiple-pass method
MDPI and ACS Style

Kerr, D.A.; Wright, J.L.; Dhaliwal, S.S.; Boushey, C.J. Does an Adolescent’s Accuracy of Recall Improve with a Second 24-h Dietary Recall? Nutrients 2015, 7, 3557-3568.

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