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Article

Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary School Teachers and Principals at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets †

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Department of Subject Didactics and Educational Research and Development, University College of Teacher Education Tyrol, 6010 Innsbruck, Austria
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Department of Sport Science, Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
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Research Center Medical Humanities, Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
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Division of Sport, Physical Activity and Health, University of Teacher Education Upper Austria, 4020 Linz, Austria
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AdventureV & Change2v, 6135 Stans, Austria
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Special Institute for Preventive Cardiology and Nutrition—SIPCAN, 5061 Elsbethen, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Web: https://www.science2.school/en/ (accessed on 28 February 2022).
Academic Editors: Martine Duclos and Valérie Julian
Nutrients 2022, 14(5), 1065; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051065
Received: 31 December 2021 / Revised: 17 February 2022 / Accepted: 1 March 2022 / Published: 3 March 2022
Lifestyle behaviors are key contributors to sustainable health and well-being over the lifespan. The analysis of health-related behaviors is crucial for understanding the state of health in different populations, especially teachers who play a critical role in establishing the lifelong health behaviors of their pupils. This multidisciplinary, nationwide study aimed to assess and compare lifestyle patterns of Austrian teachers and school principals at secondary levels I and II with a specific focus on physical activity and diet. A total number of 1350 teachers (1.5% of the eligible Austrian sample; 69.7% females; 37.7% from urban areas; mean age: 45.8 ± 11.4 years; mean BMI: 24.2 ± 4.0) completed a standardized online survey following an epidemiological approach. Across the total sample, 34.4% were overweight/obese with a greater prevalence of overweight/obesity in males than females (49.5% vs. 29.2%, p < 0.01) and rural vs. urban environments (35.9% vs. 31.3%). Most participants (89.3%) reported a mixed diet, while 7.9% and 2.9% were vegetarians and vegans, respectively. The average BMI of teachers with mixed diets (24.4 ± 4.0 kg/m2) was significantly higher than vegetarians (23.1 ± 3.2 kg/m2) and vegans (22.7 ± 4.3 kg/m2). Vegans reported a lower level of alcohol intake (p < 0.05) among dietary groups. There was no between-group difference in smoking (p > 0.05). The prevalence of engagement in regular physical activity was 88.7% for leisure-time sports/exercises and 29.2% for club sports. Compared with the previous reports on general populations, the present data suggest an acceptable overall health status among Austrian teachers. View Full-Text
Keywords: health; body weight; physical activity; exercise; plant-based; nutrition; fruit; vegetables; lifestyle health; body weight; physical activity; exercise; plant-based; nutrition; fruit; vegetables; lifestyle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wirnitzer, K.C.; Drenowatz, C.; Cocca, A.; Tanous, D.R.; Motevalli, M.; Wirnitzer, G.; Schätzer, M.; Ruedl, G.; Kirschner, W. Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary School Teachers and Principals at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1065. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051065

AMA Style

Wirnitzer KC, Drenowatz C, Cocca A, Tanous DR, Motevalli M, Wirnitzer G, Schätzer M, Ruedl G, Kirschner W. Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary School Teachers and Principals at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets. Nutrients. 2022; 14(5):1065. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wirnitzer, Katharina C., Clemens Drenowatz, Armando Cocca, Derrick R. Tanous, Mohamad Motevalli, Gerold Wirnitzer, Manuel Schätzer, Gerhard Ruedl, and Werner Kirschner. 2022. "Health Behaviors of Austrian Secondary School Teachers and Principals at a Glance: First Results of the From Science 2 School Study Focusing on Sports Linked to Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets" Nutrients 14, no. 5: 1065. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051065

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