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Review

Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Gut Microbiome of Older Adults

1
Sport, Health and Performance Enhancement (SHAPE) Research Centre, Department of Sport Science, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG11 8NS, UK
2
Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael J. Barratt
Nutrients 2022, 14(3), 674; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030674
Received: 14 January 2022 / Revised: 29 January 2022 / Accepted: 3 February 2022 / Published: 5 February 2022
Recent evidence suggests that exercise/physical activity (PA) can beneficially alter the gut microbiome composition of young people, but little is known about its effects in older adults. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize results of human studies that have assessed the effects/associations of PA/exercise on the gut microbiome of older adults and to better understand whether this can help promote healthy ageing. Seven studies were included in the review and overall, exercise and increased amounts of PA were associated with decreases in the abundance of several well-known harmful taxa and increases in the abundance of health-promoting taxa. Altogether, the findings from the included studies suggest that exercise/PA have a beneficial impact on the gut health of older adults by improving the gut microbiome composition. However, due to methodological and sampling disparities, it was not possible to reach a consensus on which taxa were most affected by exercise or PA. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiome; older adults; healthy ageing; physical activity; exercise; gut microbiota; ageing; health gut microbiome; older adults; healthy ageing; physical activity; exercise; gut microbiota; ageing; health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos, C.; Gibson, G.R.; Walton, G.E.; Magistro, D.; Kinnear, W.; Hunter, K. Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Gut Microbiome of Older Adults. Nutrients 2022, 14, 674. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030674

AMA Style

Ramos C, Gibson GR, Walton GE, Magistro D, Kinnear W, Hunter K. Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Gut Microbiome of Older Adults. Nutrients. 2022; 14(3):674. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030674

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos, Catarina, Glenn R. Gibson, Gemma E. Walton, Daniele Magistro, Will Kinnear, and Kirsty Hunter. 2022. "Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Gut Microbiome of Older Adults" Nutrients 14, no. 3: 674. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030674

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