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Article

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Children and Youth in the Mediterranean Region in Croatia: A Comparative Study

1
The University Department of Health Studies, University of Split, Ruđera Boškovića 35, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Elementary School Žnjan-Pazdigrad, Pazdigradska 1, 21000 Split, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daniela Bonofiglio
Nutrients 2022, 14(2), 302; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020302
Received: 24 December 2021 / Revised: 7 January 2022 / Accepted: 9 January 2022 / Published: 12 January 2022
The Mediterranean diet (MD) is considered one of the healthiest dietary patterns. The aim of this study was to assess MD adherence in children and youth living in the Mediterranean region in Croatia and evaluate the differences in adherence to the MD among different educational stages. In total, 2722 individuals aged 2 to 24 years were enrolled in this study. Subjects were divided into different groups according to the Croatian educational system. Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) was used to assess adherence to the MD. In the total sample, the adherence to the MD was poor in 19.2%, average in 60.8%, and good in 20.1% of the study participants. The prevalence rate of poor adherence to the MD increased with higher educational stage, i.e., the highest prevalence rate of poor MD adherence was observed for college students (39.3%). Children having a higher number of snacks on days-off, those with lower physical activity, and not having breakfast together with a family are more likely to have poor MD adherence, while children having a higher number of snacks on working days are less likely to have a poor MD. The results of this study showed low adherence to the principles of the MD, confirming the need for improvement of adherence to the MD pattern in the studied population. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; children; youth; kindergarten; primary school; secondary school; faculty Mediterranean diet; children; youth; kindergarten; primary school; secondary school; faculty
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matana, A.; Franić, I.; Radić Hozo, E.; Burger, A.; Boljat, P. Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Children and Youth in the Mediterranean Region in Croatia: A Comparative Study. Nutrients 2022, 14, 302. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020302

AMA Style

Matana A, Franić I, Radić Hozo E, Burger A, Boljat P. Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Children and Youth in the Mediterranean Region in Croatia: A Comparative Study. Nutrients. 2022; 14(2):302. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020302

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matana, Antonela, Ivana Franić, Endica Radić Hozo, Ante Burger, and Petra Boljat. 2022. "Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Children and Youth in the Mediterranean Region in Croatia: A Comparative Study" Nutrients 14, no. 2: 302. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020302

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