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Article

Gender Differences in Treatment Outcomes for Eating Disorders: A Case-Matched, Retrospective Pre–Post Comparison

1
University Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty, Campus East-Westphalia, Ruhr-University Bochum, 32312 Luebbecke, Germany
2
Centre for Eating Disorders, Klinik am Korso, 32545 Bad Oeynhausen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ata Ghaderi
Nutrients 2022, 14(11), 2240; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112240
Received: 5 May 2022 / Revised: 19 May 2022 / Accepted: 24 May 2022 / Published: 27 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Disorders, and Nutritional Beliefs, Trends or Practices)
Eating disorders (EDs) are increasingly emerging as a health risk in men, yet men remain underrepresented in ED research, including interventional trials. This underrepresentation of men may have facilitated the development of women-centered ED treatments that result in suboptimal outcomes for men. The present study retrospectively compared pre- vs. post-treatment outcomes between age-, diagnosis-, and length-of-treatment-matched samples of n = 200 men and n = 200 women with Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), Binge Eating Disorder (BED), or Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS), treated in the same setting during the same period, and using the same measurements. Compared to women, men with AN showed marked improvements in weight gains during treatment as well as in ED-specific cognitions and general psychopathology. Likewise, men with BED showed marked weight loss during treatment compared to women with BED; ED-specific cognitions and general psychopathology outcomes were comparable in this case. For BN and EDNOS, weight, ED-specific cognitions, and general psychopathology outcomes remained largely comparable between men and women. Implications for treatments are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: anorexia nervosa; bulimia nervosa; binge eating disorder; eating disorder; men’s health; diversity; psychotherapy anorexia nervosa; bulimia nervosa; binge eating disorder; eating disorder; men’s health; diversity; psychotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Halbeisen, G.; Braks, K.; Huber, T.J.; Paslakis, G. Gender Differences in Treatment Outcomes for Eating Disorders: A Case-Matched, Retrospective Pre–Post Comparison. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2240. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112240

AMA Style

Halbeisen G, Braks K, Huber TJ, Paslakis G. Gender Differences in Treatment Outcomes for Eating Disorders: A Case-Matched, Retrospective Pre–Post Comparison. Nutrients. 2022; 14(11):2240. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112240

Chicago/Turabian Style

Halbeisen, Georg, Karsten Braks, Thomas J. Huber, and Georgios Paslakis. 2022. "Gender Differences in Treatment Outcomes for Eating Disorders: A Case-Matched, Retrospective Pre–Post Comparison" Nutrients 14, no. 11: 2240. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112240

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