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Article

Effects of Caloric Restriction and Rope-Skipping Exercise on Cardiometabolic Health: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial in Young Adults

by 1,†, 2,†, 1, 1, 1, 1 and 1,3,*
1
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
Department of Physical Education, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
3
Sun Yat-sen Global Health Institute, Institute of State Governance, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Marcellino Monda
Nutrients 2021, 13(9), 3222; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093222
Received: 1 August 2021 / Revised: 5 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 16 September 2021
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of calorie restriction (CR), rope-skipping (RS) exercise, and their joint effects on cardiometabolic health in young adults. An 8-week randomized trial was conducted on 46 undergraduates aged 19–21 y from South China. The participants were randomized into the following three groups: Calorie restriction (CR) group (n = 14), Rope-skipping (RS) group (n = 14), and CR plus RS (CR–RS) group (n = 12). At both allocation and the end of the intervention, data on anthropometry, serum metabolic, and inflammatory markers were collected. A total of 40 participants completed the intervention and were included in the analysis. After the 8-week intervention, the participants from the CR group and the CR–RS group reduced in body weight (−1.1 ± 1.7 kg, −1.3 ± 2.0 kg), body mass index (−0.4 ± 0.6 kg/m2, −0.5 ± 0.7 kg/m2), body fat percentage (−1.2 ± 1.6%, −1.7 ± 1.8%), and body fat mass (−1.1 kg (−2.2, −0.3), −1.1 kg (−2.5, −0.4)) compared to the baseline (p < 0.05 or p = 0.051). For metabolic and inflammatory factors, the participants in the CR–RS group showed significant decreases in low density lipoprotein cholesterol (−0.40 mmol/L) and interleukin-8 (−0.73 mmol/L). While all the above markers showed no significant difference among the groups after intervention, in the subgroup of overweight/obese participants (n = 23), the CR–RS group had significantly lower blood pressure, fasting insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-8 levels than the CR or RS groups (p < 0.05). In conclusion, both CR and CR–RS could reduce weight and improve body composition in young adults. More importantly, in those with overweight or obesity, CR–RS intervention might be superior to either CR or RS in improving cardiometabolic health. View Full-Text
Keywords: caloric restriction; rope-skipping; exercise; cardiometabolic health; obesity caloric restriction; rope-skipping; exercise; cardiometabolic health; obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, Z.; Ming, Y.; Wu, M.; Jing, J.; Xu, S.; Li, H.; Zhu, Y. Effects of Caloric Restriction and Rope-Skipping Exercise on Cardiometabolic Health: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial in Young Adults. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3222. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093222

AMA Style

Tang Z, Ming Y, Wu M, Jing J, Xu S, Li H, Zhu Y. Effects of Caloric Restriction and Rope-Skipping Exercise on Cardiometabolic Health: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial in Young Adults. Nutrients. 2021; 13(9):3222. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093222

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Zhaoxie, Yingan Ming, Miao Wu, Jiajia Jing, Suhua Xu, Hailin Li, and Yanna Zhu. 2021. "Effects of Caloric Restriction and Rope-Skipping Exercise on Cardiometabolic Health: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial in Young Adults" Nutrients 13, no. 9: 3222. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093222

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